Learn More
UNLABELLED We have discovered that native, neuronal expression of alpha-synuclein (Asyn) inhibits viral infection, injury, and disease in the central nervous system (CNS). Enveloped RNA viruses, such as West Nile virus (WNV), invade the CNS and cause encephalitis, yet little is known about the innate neuron-specific inhibitors of viral infections in the(More)
The RNA response element TAR plays a critical role in HIV replication by providing a binding site for the recruitment of the viral transactivator protein Tat. Using a structure-guided approach, we have developed a series of conformationally-constrained cyclic peptides that act as structural mimics of the Tat RNA binding region and block Tat-TAR interactions(More)
Human and simian immunodeficiency viruses (HIV and SIV) exploit follicular lymphoid regions by establishing high levels of viral replication and dysregulating humoral immunity. Follicular regulatory T cells (TFR) are a recently characterized subset of lymphocytes that influence the germinal centre response through interactions with follicular helper T cells(More)
During retroviral RNA encapsidation, two full-length genomic (g) RNAs are selectively incorporated into assembling virions. Packaging involves a cis-acting packaging element (Ψ) within the 5' untranslated region of unspliced HIV-1 RNA genome. However, the mechanism(s) that selects and limits gRNAs for packaging remains uncertain. Using a dual(More)
UNLABELLED Since its introduction in New York City, NY, in 1999, West Nile virus (WNV) has spread to all 48 contiguous states of the United States and is now the leading cause of epidemic encephalitis in North America. As a member of the family Flaviviridae, WNV is part of a group of clinically important human pathogens, including dengue virus and Japanese(More)
Although the process of reverse transcription is well elucidated, it remains unclear if viral core disruption provides a more cellular or viral milieu for HIV-1 reverse transcription. We have devised a method to require mixing of viral cores or core constituents to produce infectious progeny virus by a bipartite subgenomic RNA (sgRNA) system, in which HIV-1(More)
  • 1