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Thalidomide is an old glutamic acid derivative which was initially used as a sedative medication but withdrawn from the market due to the high incidence of teratogenicity. Recently, it has reemerged because of its potential for counteracting number of diseases, including neurodegenerative disorders. Other than the antiemetic and hypnotic aspects,(More)
Nitric oxide is known to modulate intracellular glutathione levels, but the relationship between nitric oxide synthesis and glutathione metabolism during endotoxemia is unknown. The present study was designed to examine the effects of increased nitric oxide formation on hepatic glutathione synthesis and antioxidant defense in endotoxemic mice. Our results(More)
An open, randomized, controlled study with two parallel treatment groups was done to evaluate the efficacy of a miconazole 2% gel compared with Zataria multiflora 0.1% gel applied four times daily for 2 weeks, in the treatment of Candida-associated denture stomatitis. Twenty four patients were included in the study. The efficacy variables were the colony(More)
An extensive investigation was conducted to isolate indigenous bacterial strains with outstanding performance for biosurfactant production from different types of spoiled fruits, food-related products and food processing industries. An isolate was selected from 800 by the highest biosurfactant yield in soybean oil medium and it was identified by 16S rRNA(More)
The structural and storage and functional thermostabilization of endo-inulinase (EC through semi-rational modification of surface accessible lysine residues by pyridoxal-5'-phosphate (PLP) and ascorbate reduction have been explored. Improved stability was observed on modifications in the absence or presence of inulin, which indicates storage or(More)
The kinetics of thermal dissociation of superoxide dismutase (SOD) was studied in 0.05 M Tris-HCl buffer at pH 7.4 containing 10(-4) M EDTA. The number of conformational locks and contact areas and amino acid residues of dimers of SOD were obtained by kinetic analysis and biochemical calculation. The cleavage bonds between dimers of SOD during thermal(More)
Homocysteine (Hcy), an intermediate in methionine metabolism, has been proposed to be involved in hepatic fibrogenesis. Impaired liver function can alter Hcy metabolism. The aim of the present study was to determine plasma Hcy alterations in acute obstructive cholestasis and the subsequent biliary cirrhosis. Cholestasis was induced by bile duct ligation and(More)
We compared indomethacin-induced gastric damage in three groups of rats—bile duct-ligated, sham-operated, and unoperated—and evaluated the role of the opioid system by blocking the effects of endogenous opioids with naloxone. Indomethacin was administered orally in a dose-dependent manner at 10, 30, and 45 mg/kg. Naloxone was administered intraperitoneally(More)
Sodium benzoate (SB), a powerful inhibitor of microbial growth, is one of the most commonly used food preservative. Here, we determined the effects of SB on human serum albumin (HSA) structure in the presence or absence of glucose after 35 days of incubation under physiological conditions. The biochemical, biophysical, and molecular approaches including(More)
BACKGROUND Following bile duct ligation (BDL) endogenous opioids accumulate in plasma and play a role in the pathophysiology and manifestation of cholestasis. Evidence of centrally mediated induction of liver injury by exogenous opioid agonist administration, prompts the question of whether opioid receptor blockade by naltrexone can affect(More)