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Mutations of the ATM and NBS1 genes are responsible for the inherited Ataxia-Telangiectasia and Nijmegen Breakage Syndrome, both of which are associated with a predisposition to cancer. A related syndrome, the Ataxia-Telangiectasia-like disorder, is due to mutations of the MRE11 gene. However, the role of this gene in cancer development has not been(More)
Human T-cell leukemia virus (HTLV-I) infection is observed among black and Japanese populations in well-delimited endemic spots in association with a high incidence of adult T-cell leukemia (ATL). We present evidence of HTLV-I infection in two ATL patients from southeastern Italy who have not travelled and who have no known relations abroad, and in 8% of(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to clarify the molecular mechanisms linking human mitochondrial deoxyribonucleic acid (mtDNA) dysfunction to cardiac remodeling. BACKGROUND Defects of the mitochondrial genome cause a heterogeneous group of clinical disorders, including mitochondrial cardiomyopathies (MIC). The molecular events linking mtDNA(More)
Epididymal sperm cells, incubated with plasmid DNA, showed a spontaneous tendency to interact with the exogenous nucleic acid. We have investigated the molecular basis of such interaction. Exogenous DNA is taken up by sperm cells over a 15- to 20-min period and is specifically localized on the nuclear area of the sperm head. DNA was reversibly bound to(More)
The abnormal activation of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) pathway is one of the most common findings in human cancer, and a number of molecular devices of laboratory and clinical relevance have been designed to block this transduction pathway. Because of the large number of cellular events that might be regulated through the activation of the four EGF(More)
A new human retrovirus was isolated from a continuous cell line derived from a patient with CD4+ Tac- cutaneous T cell lymphoma/leukemia. This virus is related to but distinct from human T cell leukemia/lymphoma virus types I and II (HTLV-I and HTLV-II) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1). With the use of a fragment of provirus cloned from one patient(More)
Germline point mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes account for about 30% of the inherited breast and ovarian cancers. Germline genomic rearrangements have been found in both BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes, but the extent to which these alterations might contribute to increasing the actual mutation detection rate is still debated. Here we screened a cohort of 112(More)
Hereditary breast and ovarian cancer are mainly linked to mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes which confer a similar cumulative risk of developing breast cancer. Importantly, while BRCA2 mutation carriers generally have a lower cumulative risk for ovarian cancer, mutations clustered in the central portion of BRCA2 are associated with a higher proportion of(More)
BACKGROUND Breast cancer is an extremely complex disease, characterized by a progressive multistep process caused by interactions of both genetic and non-genetic factors. A combination of BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene mutations appears responsible for about 20%-30% of the cases with breast cancer familial history. The prevalence of BRCA1/2 pathogenic mutations(More)
Inherited mutations of the BRCA1/2 genes confer a significantly increased risk for breast and/or ovarian cancer development. Several models were elaborated to help genetic counsellors in selecting individuals with high probability of being mutation carriers. The IC software, a country-customized version of the Brcapro model, was recently shown to be(More)