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In HIV-1-infected cell cultures, a relatively low concentration (5 micrograms/ml) of monoclonal antibody (mAb) against HIV-1-transactivating Tat protein was an efficient inhibitor of HIV-1 replication both in HIV-1(IIIB)-infected Jurkat cell and peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) cultures and significantly reduced the expression of a Tat-responsive(More)
The presence of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) proviral DNA in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of three groups (group 1, more than 500 CD4+ T cells per microliter; group 2, between 200 and 499 CD4+ T cells per microliter; group 3, fewer than 200 CD4+ T cells per microliter) of HIV-1-infected patients, in different stages of the(More)
BACKGROUND The efficacy of a specific humoral response to transactivating Tat protein was studied in a group of HIV-1 seropositive drug addicts, who had previously received a similar course of anti-retroviral treatment with two reverse transcriptase inhibitors. OBJECTIVES The aim of the study was to evaluate the meaning of an immune response to Tat(More)
Retrospective analysis of serum samples from a group of hemophiliac patients who became infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) between 1984 and 1985 has shown that, at variance with other HIV-1-infected patients, at the onset, or at least at a very early phase of HIV-1 infection, they constantly have elevated levels of antibodies against(More)
BACKGROUND Haematopoietic progenitor cells (HPC) of HIV-1-infected patients are severely compromised in their replication and clonogenic capacities, and show an enhanced propensity to apoptosis, despite the lack of productive or latent HIV-1 infection. OBJECTIVE To investigate telomerase enzyme levels in CD34+ HPC isolated from HIV-1-infected patients,(More)
Contrast-enhanced ultrasound was used to study focal and multifocal lesions of the spleen in 26 dogs and two cats affected by 11 benign and 18 malignant splenic diseases. A second-generation microbubble contrast medium (Sonovue) was injected into the cephalic vein and enhancement patterns were subjectively described and time intensity curves calculated.(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) transactivating Tat protein is pivotal to virus replication. Tat's potential effects on HIV-1 pathogenesis, however, go well beyond its role in the virus's life cycle. Current data indicate that biologically active Tat is released from HIV-1-infected cells and readily endocytosed and targeted to the nucleus of(More)
Hematopoietic progenitor (CD34+) cells were purified from the bone marrow of 6 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1-seropositive cytopenic patients and 10 healthy donors. HIV-1-seropositive patients showed a reduced number of granulocyte/macrophage, erythroid, and megakaryocyte progenitors and also a progressive and significant decline of numbers of(More)
Twenty-one cats and six dogs that presented to a first-opinion clinic with signs of dyspnea and muffled cardiac auscultation received ultrasonography to look for signs of diaphragmatic rupture. The presence or absence of diaphragmatic rupture was subsequently determined on the basis of unequivocal radiographic signs, surgical findings, or necropsy.(More)