Massimo Turina

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All known pepper cultivars resistant to Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) possess a single dominant resistance gene, Tsw. Recently, naturally occurring resistance-breaking (RB) TSWV strains have been identified, causing major concerns. We used a collection of such strains to identify the specific genetic determinant that allows the virus to overcome the Tsw(More)
The sequence of an infectious cDNA clone of panicum mosaic virus (PMV) showed that the single-stranded RNA genome is 4326 nucleotides (nt) and a single highly abundant subgenomic (sg) RNA of 1475 nt was synthesized during PMV infection of pearl millet plants and protoplasts. Computer comparisons revealed strong similarities between the predicted amino acid(More)
Ourmia melon virus (OuMV), Epirus cherry virus (EpCV) and Cassava virus C (CsVC) are three species placed in the genus Ourmiavirus. We cloned and sequenced their RNA genomes. The sizes of the three genomic RNAs of OuMV, the type member of the genus, were 2814, 1064 and 974 nt and each had one open reading frame. RNA1 potentially encoded a 97.5 kDa protein(More)
A subgenomic RNA (sgRNA) of about 1500 nucleotides has been detected in millet plants and protoplasts infected with panicum mosaic virus (PMV). This sgRNA expressed p8, p6.6, p15, and the 26-kDa capsid protein (CP) genes during in vitro translation assays, as determined by using mutants inactivated for expression of each open reading frame. Abolishing(More)
Electron microscopy of extracts from diseased Polygonum convolvulus plants from Piedmont (Italy) revealed particles with the morphological features of a tospovirus. Sequencing of the full-length small (S) and medium (M) genome segments indicated that the virus is a member of a new Tospovirus species provisionally named Polygonum ringspot virus. A feature(More)
UNLABELLED Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) is the type member of tospoviruses (genus Tospovirus), plant-infecting viruses that cause severe damage to ornamental and vegetable crops. Tospoviruses are transmitted by thrips in the circulative propagative mode. We generated a collection of NSs-defective TSWV isolates and showed that TSWV coding for truncated(More)
ABSTRACT Four different viral species were isolated from diseased Ranunculus asiaticus plants growing in Imperia Province (Italian Riviera-Liguria Region). Infected plants exhibited mosaic symptoms and growth abnormalities. The viruses were mechanically inoculated to a range of herbaceous hosts and differentiated biologically. Long flexuous particles were(More)
The plus-sense single-stranded RNA of tomato bushy stunt virus (TBSV) encodes a 19-kDa protein, which is translated from a 3' proximal open reading frame (p19) that is entirely nested within the cell-to-cell movement gene (p22). Expression of the cytosolic p19-protein induces either a systemic lethal collapse in Nicotiana benthamiana and N. clevelandii, or(More)
Site-directed recombination was used to obtain a Cryphonectria parasitica strain carrying deletions at the Mf1-1 gene locus. Macroscopic features such as growth rate and conidia production were unaffected by Mf1-1 deletions, but, when a strain containing a complete deletion of Mf1-1 was used as spermatia it was male sterile. The same strain was fully(More)
Tospoviruses are among the most serious threats to vegetable crops in the Mediterranean basin. Tospovirus introduction, spread, and the diseases these viruses cause have been traced by epidemiological case studies. Recent research has centered on the close relationship between tospoviruses and their arthropod vectors (species of the Thripidae family). Here,(More)