Massimo Spina

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BACKGROUND Recent studies suggest that coeliac disease (CD) is one of the commonest, life-long disorders in Italy. The aims of this multicentre work were: (a) to establish the prevalence of CD on a nationwide basis; and (b) to characterize the CD clinical spectrum in Italy. PATIENTS AND METHODS Fifteen centres screened 17,201 students aged 6-15 years(More)
Osteoporosis in Β-thalassemia major has emerged as a topic of interest since optimized transfusion regimens have increased life expectancy and quality in these patients. Although the pathogenesis of thalassemic osteopathy is multifactorial, the evidence of an increased resorption phase suggests that the use of antiresorptive drugs such as bisphosphonates(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the frequency of neurologic manifestations in children with gluten sensitivity (GS) and the frequency of GS in children with neurologic disease. STUDY DESIGN A total of 835 children with GS (based on positive titers for serum anti-gliadin antibody [AGA], anti-endomysial antibody [EMA], and anti-tissue transglutamine [tTG] antibody(More)
OBJECTIVE The demographic, clinical, and epidemiological features of subclinical/silent celiac disease in Italy were analyzed in a multicenter study carried out with the participation of 42 centers, in the years between 1990 and 1994. METHODS One thousand twenty-six subclinical/silent patients (644 children and 382 adults, 702 women and 324 men) were(More)
AIM Functional abdominal pain (FAP) is a frequent condition affecting 10-20% of children and can be considered within the classification of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGID). The objective of this study was to determine the effect of daily supplementation with the probiotic Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 in children with FAP. METHODS The(More)
BACKGROUND Bone metabolism may be disturbed in children with celiac disease. METHODS Two markers of bone turnover were used: the level of osteocalcin (BGP) and the level of carboxylterminal peptide of type I procollagen (PICP). BGP and PICP were measured by radioimmunoassays in 18 untreated children with celiac disease (mean age: 22.9 +/- 15.6 months) and(More)
Primary intestinal lymphangiectasia is a rare disorder, characterized by hypoproteinemia due to obstruction of the intestinal lymphatic vessels and loss of lymph fluid in the gastrointestinal tract. The case of a 3-month old patient with protein-losing enteropathy due to a primitive intestinal lymphangiectasia diagnosed with duodenal histology is reported.(More)
OBJECTIVES To establish the prevalence of headache in children with celiac disease (CD), the response to a gluten-free diet, and the prevalence of CD in children affected by headache. METHODS This hospital-based study included 2 steps. In the retrospective part, 354 children with CD answered a questionnaire investigating the presence of headache before(More)
Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) phenotype DQ2 is considered the most important genetic marker for un-responsiveness to hepatitis B vaccine. Since celiac disease (CD) is also strongly associated with the same haplo-type it may be hypothesized that celiac patients are less able to respond to the vaccine. We report a retrospective study on celiac patients(More)
We performed a retrospective study of 325 coeliac children (179 females and 146 males, F/M ratio 1:2), diagnosed from 1984 to 1989. The children were divided into two groups; group A were diagnosed between 1984 and 1986 and group B were diagnosed between 1987 and 1989, when the antigliadin antibody test had been introduced in our routine. The data showed a(More)