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Type I interferons (IFNs) are cytokines exhibiting antiviral and antitumor effects, including multiple activities on immune cells. However, the importance of these cytokines in the early events leading to the generation of an immune response is still unclear. Here, we have investigated the effects of type I IFNs on freshly isolated granulocyte/macrophage(More)
The high-yield expression of a neutralizing epitope from human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) on the surface of a plant virus and its immunogenicity are presented. The highly conserved ELDKWA epitope from glycoprotein (gp) 41 was expressed as an N-terminal translational fusion with the potato virus X (PVX) coat protein. The resulting chimeric virus(More)
The migration capability of dendritic cells (DCs) is regulated by their response to factors, namely chemokines, that characterize maturation stage and shape their functional activities. This study examines the morphology, expression of chemokines/chemokine receptors, and migration properties of DCs generated after treatment of monocytes with type I(More)
Proton pumps like the vacuolar-type H+ ATPase (V-ATPase) are involved in the control of cellular pH in normal and tumor cells. Treatment with proton pump inhibitors (PPI) induces sensitization of cancer cells to chemotherapeutics via modifications of cellular pH gradients. It is also known that low pH is the most suitable condition for a full PPI(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and spectroscopy (MRS) offer powerful approaches for detecting physiological and metabolic alterations in malignancies and help investigate underlying molecular mechanisms. Research on epithelial ovarian carcinoma (EOC), the gynaecological malignancy with the highest death rate characterised by frequent relapse and onset of(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop an animal model of vaginal transmission of HIV-1 for the evaluation of vaginal microbicides. DESIGN Vaginal infection was performed in SCID mice reconstituted with 4 x 107 human peripheral blood lymphocytes (hu-PBL) by non-invasive vaginal administration. The hu-PBL were previously infected in vitro with a non-syncytium (NSI) strain(More)
The membrane cytoskeleton cross-linker, ezrin, has recently been depicted as a key regulator in the progression and metastasis of several pediatric tumors. Less defined appears the role of ezrin in human adult tumors, especially melanoma. We therefore addressed ezrin involvement in the metastatic phenotype of human adult metastatic melanoma cells. Our(More)
Dendritic cells (DC) generated after a short-term exposure of monocytes to IFN-alpha and GM-CSF (IFN-DC) are highly effective in inducing cross-priming of CD8(+ )T cells against viral antigens. We have investigated the mechanisms responsible for the special attitude of these DC and compared their activity with that of reference DC. Antigen uptake and(More)
OBJECTIVE The development of drugs that can be used as topical microbicides is currently recognized as a priority area of research. DESIGN A preclinical evaluation of the potential effectiveness of TMC120, a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI), as a topical microbicide to prevent vaginal HIV-1 transmission in a humanized severe combined(More)
In view of the increasing interest in mucosal vaccination, we investigated whether type I IFN could act as adjuvant of an intranasally administered influenza vaccine. A single intranasal administration of IFNalphabeta-adjuvanted vaccine in anesthetized C3H/HeN mice was capable of protecting the totality of animals against virus challenge, while vaccine(More)