Generally speaking, the difference between two cross-spectral densities (CSDs) does not represent a correlation function. We will furnish a sufficient condition so that such difference be a valid CSD. Using such a condition, we will show through some examples how new classes of CSDs can be generated.
We present a number of results relating to the difference of two Gaussian Schell-model cross-spectral densities (CSDs). They allow us to specify conditions under which such a difference represents itself in a valid CSD. In particular, a sufficient condition is derived for the non-negative definiteness of the resulting CSD, for any admissible choice of the… (More)
A very simple optical setup for the measurement of the modulus and the phase of the two-point correlation function of a partially coherent light field is presented. The system consists of a slightly modified version of a Young interferometer and requires a single Young mask in order to determine the correlation function at any pairs of points. Experimental… (More)
It is shown that Hermite-Gaussian beams, Laguerre-Gaussian beams, and certain linear combinations thereof are the only finite-energy coherent beams that propagate, on free propagation, in a shape-invariant manner. All shape-invariant beams have Gouy phase of the universal c arctan(z/zR) form, with quantized values for the prefactor c. It is also shown that,… (More)