Massimo Puato

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OBJECTIVE To evaluate traditional and non-traditional risk factors for subclinical atherosclerosis in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS A prospective cohort of 78 patients with SLE without overt atherosclerotic disease was studied. SLE clinical and laboratory parameters, disease activity and damage, treatment and traditional risk factors for(More)
The adventitial layer surrounding the blood vessels has long been exclusively considered a supporting tissue the main function of which is to provide adequate nourishment to the muscle layers of tunica media. Although functionally interconnected, the adventitial and medial layers are structurally interfaced at the external elastic lamina level, clearly(More)
During the "response-to-injury" process after a mechanical insult to the porcine coronary arteries, the adventitial cells acquire the structural characteristics of myofibroblasts before being incorporated into smooth muscle (SM) layer. We assessed whether the SM-specific SM22 protein can be used as a tracer of adventitial cell-myofibroblast differentiation(More)
BACKGROUND Leptin has been implicated in cardiovascular disease. A diet rich in fish has been associated with decreased cardiac and vascular risk. METHODS AND RESULTS We examined the relationship between diet and leptin in 2 related homogeneous African tribal populations of Tanzania. One tribe consumes freshwater fish as their main diet component (n=279),(More)
Recent advances in basic science have shown that atherosclerosis should be considered as a chronic inflammatory process, and that a pivotal role of inflammation is evident from initiation through progression and complication of atherosclerosis. In the past few years many studies have examined the potential for biochemical markers of inflammation to act as(More)
The adventitial layer surrounding the blood vessels has long been exclusively considered a supporting tissue the main function of which is to provide adequate nourishment to the muscle layers of tunica media. Although functionally interconnected, the adventitial and medial layers are structurally interfaced at the external elastic lamina level, clearly(More)
OBJECTIVE Impaired flow-mediated dilation (FMD) is associated with cardiovascular risk factors and provides prognostic information. Despite the noninvasive nature of this technique, a major limitation to its widespread use is low reproducibility. The aim of this study was to evaluate impact of methodological standardization among different investigation(More)
Over the last two decades, several studies have reported a high prevalence of cardiovascular disease in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). This population usually presents both the traditional and non-traditional risk factors for atherosclerosis. Inflammation as well as impaired nitric oxide production are pivotal, throughout the whole process of(More)
It is now well established that hypertension is accompanied by remodeling of the arterial wall with significant modifications in extracellular matrix composition and in vascular cell phenotype. Some of these changes, particularly elastin fragments generation, increased proteases activity and activation of transforming growth factor-β signaling together with(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the progression of subclinical atherosclerosis in Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA) patients treated with anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α agents. METHODS Thirty-two PsA patients classified according to the CASPAR criteria and attending the Rheumatology Unit of the University of Padua Medical Center were enrolled in a two-year prospective,(More)