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Nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT), also known as visfatin, is the rate-limiting enzyme in the salvage pathway of NAD biosynthesis from nicotinamide. Since its expression is upregulated during inflammation, NAMPT represents a novel clinical biomarker in acute lung injury, rheumatoid arthritis, and Crohn's disease. However, its role in disease(More)
Furin is a subtilisin-related endoprotease which processes a wide range of bioactive proteins. Furin is concentrated in the trans-Golgi network (TGN), where proteolytic activation of many precursor proteins takes place. A significant fraction of furin, however, cycles among the TGN, the plasma membrane, and endosomes, indicating that the accumulation in the(More)
We have purified and characterized two new pathogenesis-related (PR) proteins from wheat belonging to the PR-4 family. We named the proteins wheatwin3 and wheatwin4 in analogy with the previously characterized wheatwin1 and wheatwin2. Their isoelectric points were 7.1 and 8.4, respectively. We determined the complete amino acid sequence of both proteins by(More)
PR proteins are soluble and host-coded molecules with antifungal activity induced by a variety of agents. Wheat contains several PR proteins and among them are those of the class 4 coded wheatwin1 and wheatwin2; the two native proteins have been isolated from wheat kernel and the coding cDNA clones have been recently characterized. Herein, we report the(More)
The P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) induces ionotropic Ca²⁺ signalling in different cell types. It plays an important role in the immune response and in the nervous system. Here, the mechanisms underlying intracellular Ca²⁺ variations evoked by 3'-O-(4-benzoyl)benzoyl-ATP (BzATP), a potent agonist of the P2X7R, in transfected HEK293 cells, are investigated both(More)
We assessed de novo T-cell generation by determining T-cell receptor-rearrangement excision circles (TRECs) based on patient age and on stage of HIV-1 infection. TRECs were measured in purified CD4 and CD8 T cells of a large cohort of HIV-1-infected subjects (n = 297) with chronic infection but no previous antiretroviral treatment and of a control group of(More)
Activation of the oxidative burst and failure of CD4(+) CD25(+) cell regulation have been implicated in idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (iNS). The intimate mechanism is, however, unknown and requires specifically focused studies. We investigated reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation [di-chlorofluorescein-diacetate (DCFDA)] fluorescence assay and the(More)
We set up a method to get rapid information on the three-dimensional structure of peptide and proteins of known sequence. Both native and alkylated polypeptide is hydrolyzed with a number of proteases at different digestion times and the resulting mixtures are compared by HPLC analysis to establish the differences in the hydrolysis pathways of the folded(More)
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