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beta-catenin has functions as both an adhesion and a signaling molecule. Disruption of these functions through mutations of the beta-catenin gene (CTNNB1) may be important in the development of colorectal tumors. We examined the entire coding sequence of beta-catenin by reverse transcriptase-PCR (RT-PCR) and direct sequencing of 23 human colorectal cancer(More)
BACKGROUND Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is emerging as a new therapeutic method for management of solid tumors. We report here our experience in the use of this technique for management of primary and secondary unresectable liver cancers. METHODS Thirty-five patients with liver cancers were considered not suitable for curative resection at presentation:(More)
We undertook an in situ hybridization study to localize the mRNAs for the 72 kda type IV collagenase (MMP-2) and its specific inhibitor (TIMP-2) in 12 colorectal carcinomas, 3 adenomas, and 4 uninvolved resection margins to see how their distributions correlated with that of the reported distribution of MMP-2 protein. Labeling for MMP-2 and TIMP-2 mRNAs was(More)
We have previously shown that a human colon carcinoma cell line (SW1222) expresses a collagen receptor recognizing the Arg-Gly-Asp tripeptide sequence found in collagen. This receptor mediates the cellular attachment to collagen and, subsequently, the glandular differentiation seen in a three-dimensional collagen gel culture. In a search to identify cell(More)
Intestinal trefoil factor 3 (TFF3) is a member of the trefoil family of peptides, small molecules constitutively expressed in epithelial tissues, including the gastrointestinal tract. TFF3 has been shown to promote migration of intestinal epithelial cells in vitro and to enhance mucosal healing and epithelial restitution in vivo. In this study, we evaluated(More)
Intestinal trefoil factor (TFF3) is a member of the trefoil family of peptides, which are constitutively expressed in the gastrointestinal tract. TFF3 has been shown to promote migration of intestinal epithelial cells in vitro and to enhance epithelial restitution in vivo. In the present study, we show that the stimulatory effect of TFF3 on the migration of(More)
p53 is a nuclear phosphoprotein which controls normal cell growth. Normal p53 protein is undetectable by standard immunohistochemical staining and the over-expression found in neoplastic cells correlates with the presence of point mutations of evolutionary conserved regions of the p53 gene. We examined the expression of p53 protein in a series of 36(More)
E-cadherin maintains the normal differentiated phenotype in epithelial cells; this function is partly mediated by alpha-catenin, which links E-cadherin to the cell cytoskeleton. Dysfunction of E-cadherin in vitro and in vivo is associated with an invasive phenotype. However, the role of alpha-catenin is largely undetermined. We analyzed the expression of(More)
The human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV-16), the type most often associated with cervical cancer, immortalizes primary keratinocytes and inhibits serum/calcium-stimulated differentiation in culture. In this study, we have used a model of keratinocyte immortalization based upon HPV-16 to analyze perturbation of function and expression of E-cadherin, a(More)
HECD-1 monoclonal antibody has been used to localize E-cadherin, a calcium-dependent cell-cell adhesion molecule, in microwave-treated, paraffin-embedded sections from 53 cases of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) (11 CIN I, 22 CIN II, and 20 CIN III), 16 invasive cervical squamous cell carcinomas, and seven metastases. In normal cervix, E-cadherin(More)