Massimo Milli

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BACKGROUND Half of patients with acute heart failure syndromes (AHFS) have preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (PLVEF). In this setting, the role of minor myocardial damage (MMD), as identified by cardiac troponin T (cTnT), remains to be established. AIM To evaluate the prevalence and long-term prognostic significance of cTnT elevations in(More)
BACKGROUND Studies with natriuretic peptides have suggested that physicians do not treat heart acute failure (AHF) aggressively enough, and predischarge B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels may be a useful reminder that more treatment is required. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate that variations in BNP levels during hormone-guided treatment(More)
BACKGROUND Half of patients with heart failure (HF) have preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Neurohormonal activation characterizes the disease and measurement of plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) indicates the severity of left ventricular dysfunction. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that measurement of BNP levels(More)
BACKGROUND A recent American College of Cardiology Foundation and American Society of Echocardiography document updated previous appropriate use criteria (AUC) for echocardiography. The aim of this study was to explore the application of the new AUC, and the resulting appropriateness rate, in hospitalized patients referred for transthoracic echocardiography(More)
AIMS Unplanned readmissions early after a discharge from acute heart failure hospitalization are common and have become a reimbursement benchmark and marker of hospital quality. However, the competing risk of short-term post-discharge mortality is substantial. METHODS AND RESULTS Using data from the prospective, nationwide Registry IN-HF Outcome, we(More)
BACKGROUND Several studies have reported the prognostic value of natriuretic peptides, but their predictive value in patients with diabetes mellitus is unknown. The aim of the study was to test the hypothesis that measurement of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels in ambulatory patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) and diabetes can predict the(More)
The pathophysiologic role of enhanced chemosensitivity to carbon dioxide and/or hypoxia has been underscored in several cardiovascular diseases, including heart failure. In the early stages of this syndrome, the chemoreflex acts as a compensatory mechanism. Later on, however, it contributes to sustain the sympathetic activation, with detrimental effects on(More)
This case report describes a 40-years-old man affected by fracture of leg and pulmonary embolism. Two-dimensional echocardiography showed a large right atrial migrant thromboembolus prolapsing into tricuspid valve during diastole. The patient was treated with rt-PA through right atrial venous catheter and underwent to serial echocardiographic examinations.(More)