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Gastric endocrine tumours (gastric carcinoids) usually grow from enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cells. Three types of tumour may be distinguished on the basis of the background gastric pathology: type I, which develops in atrophic body gastritis (ABG); type II, which is associated with multiple endocrine neoplasia and Zollinger-Ellison syndrome; and the(More)
Since gastro-entero-pancreatic endocrine tumors are rare and heterogeneous diseases, their prognosis and long-term survival are not well known. This study aimed at identifying prognostic factors and assessing long-term survival in gastro-entero-pancreatic endocrine tumors. A total of 156 patients enrolled. Prognostic factors were determined by(More)
The majority of gastroenteropancreatic well-differentiated endocrine carcinomas (WDEC) express somatostatin receptors (SSTR). To correlate the expression of SSTR subtypes by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) with clinicopathological features and survival in a group of WDEC patients, 42 WDEC tissue specimens from 33 patients were(More)
Cancer cells within a tumor are functionally heterogeneous and specific subpopulations, defined as cancer initiating cells (CICs), are endowed with higher tumor forming potential. The CIC state, however, is not hierarchically stable and conversion of non-CICs to CICs under microenvironment signals might represent a determinant of tumor aggressiveness. How(More)
A bidirectional relationship seems to exist between diabetes mellitus and development of pancreatic tumors. Metformin, the most widely used drug in the treatment of Type 2 diabetes mellitus, has recently emerged as a potentially active agent in cancer chemoprevention and treatment. In this article, we discuss the potential correlation between glycemic(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The Marsh-Oberhuber classification of duodenojejunal mucosal lesions is currently used for celiac disease. A more simplified classification, which is based on 3 villous morphologies (A, non-atrophic; B1, atrophic, villous-crypt ratio <3:1; B2, atrophic, villi no longer detectable) and an intraepithelial lymphocyte count of >25/100(More)
BACKGROUND O(6)-methyl-guanine-methyl-transferase (MGMT) silencing by promoter methylation may identify cancer patients responding to the alkylating agents dacarbazine or temozolomide. PATIENTS AND METHODS We evaluated the prognostic and predictive value of MGMT methylation testing both in tumor and cell-free circulating DNA (cfDNA) from plasma samples(More)
BACKGROUND While the negative prognostic role of BRAF V600E mutation in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) is well established, the impact of BRAF codons 594 and 596 mutations, occurring in <1% of CRCs, is completely unknown. The present work aims to describe clinical, pathological and molecular features and prognosis of BRAF codons 594 and 596 mutant(More)
BACKGROUND O(6)-methylguanine-DNA-methyltransferase (MGMT) is a repair protein, and its deficiency makes tumours more susceptible to the cytotoxic effect of alkylating agents. Five clinical trials with temozolomide or dacarbazine have been performed in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) with selection based on methyl-specific PCR (MSP) testing with modest(More)
AIMS AND BACKGROUND Neuroendocrine tumors of an unknown primary site are rarer than other neuroendocrine tumors (0.6-2% of all neuroendocrine tumors) and have a poor prognosis. The aim of the study was to review the cases of unknown primary site neuroendocrine tumors encountered at the Istituto Nazionale Tumori of Milan between 1984 and 2008 in order to(More)