Massimo Messa

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A hallmark of Alzheimer disease (AD) is the accumulation of the amyloid-β (Aβ) peptide in the brain. Considerable evidence suggests that soluble Aβ oligomers are responsible for the synaptic dysfunction and cognitive deficit observed in AD. However, the mechanism by which these oligomers exert their neurotoxic effect remains unknown. Recently, it was(More)
Pentraxins are a superfamily of fluid phase pattern recognition molecules conserved in evolution and characterized by a cyclic multimeric structure. C-reactive protein (CRP) and serum amyloid P component (SAP) constitute the short pentraxin arm of the superfamily. CRP and SAP are produced in the liver in response to IL-6 and are acute phase reactants in(More)
Accumulation of β-sheet-rich peptide (Aβ) is strongly associated with Alzheimer's disease, characterized by reduction in synapse density, structural alterations of dendritic spines, modification of synaptic protein expression, loss of long-term potentiation and neuronal cell death. Aβ species are potent neurotoxins, however the molecular mechanism(More)
The pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is only partially understood. β-amyloid (Aβ) is physiologically generated by sequential cleavage of its precursor protein by the β- and the γ-secretase and it is normally disposed of. In Alzheimer's disease, Aβ is excessively produced or less dismissed, but the hypothesis on its physiological and pathological(More)
Dear Editor, Among the neurodegenerative diseases, Alzheimer disease (AD) is the most common and severe age-related dementia for which there is currently no available treatment. Many studies support the assumption that AD is a spine pathology (Selkoe, 2002; Sivanesan et al., 2013) and that soluble amyloid-b (Ab) oligomers are causative of AD synaptopathy.(More)
By combining NMR spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and circular dichroism we have identified the structural determinants involved in the interaction of green tea catechins with Aβ1-42, PrP106-126, and ataxin-3 oligomers. The data allow the elucidation of their mechanism of action, showing that the flavan-3-ol unit of catechins is essential for(More)
Curcumin derivatives with high chemical stability, improved solubility and carrying a functionalized appendage for the linkage to other entities, have been synthesized in a straightforward manner. All compounds retained Curcumin ability to bind Aβ peptide oligomers without inducing their aggregation. Moreover all Curcumin derivatives were able to stain very(More)
Alzheimer disease (AD) is the most prevalent form of dementia. Loss of hippocampal synapses is the first neurodegenerative event in AD. Synaptic loss has been associated with the accumulation in the brain parenchyma of soluble oligomeric forms of amyloid β peptide (Aβ1-42wt). Clinical observations have shown that a mutation in the APP protein (A673V) causes(More)
BACKGROUND Amyloid-β oligomers (AβO) are species mainly involved in the synaptic and cognitive dysfunction in Alzheimer's disease. Although their action has been described mainly at neuronal level, it is now clear that glial cells govern synaptic activity in their resting state, contributing to new learning and memory establishment. In contrast, when(More)
The role of first-stage β-amyloid aggregation in the development of the Alzheimer disease, is widely accepted but still unclear. Intimate interaction with the cell membrane is invoked. We designed Neutron Reflectometry experiments to reveal the existence and extent of the interaction between β-amyloid (Aβ) peptides and a lone customized biomimetic membrane,(More)