Massimo Mariotti

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Endothelial cell differentiation is a crucial step in angiogenesis. Here we report the identification of EDF-1, a novel gene product that is down-regulated when endothelial cells are induced to differentiate in vitro. The cDNA encoding EDF-1 was isolated by RNA fingerprinting from human endothelial cells exposed to human immunodeficiency virus type 1 Tat, a(More)
Cell migration is fundamental for invasion and metastasis and is modulated by the reversible phosphorylation of tyrosine residues on target proteins. Here we report that the tyrosine phosphatase HD-PTP has a role in modulating the motility of T24 bladder carcinoma cells. Indeed, HD-PTP silencing by RNA interference (RNAi) markedly induced cell migration in(More)
Integrin-linked kinase (ILK) is a phosphoinositide 3-kinase-dependent serine/threonine kinase that interacts with beta integrins. Here we show that endothelial cell (EC)-specific deletion of ILK in mice confers placental insufficiency with decreased labyrinthine vascularization, yielding no viable offspring. Deletion of ILK in zebra fish using antisense(More)
Calmodulin (CaM) is the principal Ca(2+) receptor protein inside the cell. When activated by Ca(2+), CaM binds and activates target proteins, thus altering the metabolism and physiology of the cell. Under basal conditions, calcium-free CaM binds to other proteins termed CaM-binding proteins. Recently, we described endothelial differentiation-related factor(More)
Endothelial migration, early step in angiogenesis, is tightly regulated by the coordinated action of tyrosine kinases and tyrosine phosphatases. HD-PTP contributes to endothelial motility, since endothelial cells silencing HD-PTP after transfection with iRNA acquire a scattered and spindle-shaped phenotype and migrate faster than controls. Since (i) the(More)
The normal function of the endothelium is impaired in HIV-1 infection. Disturbances of the local cytokines as well as the release of HIV-1 Tat by infected mononuclear cells play a role in endothelial dysfunction. We studied the effects of Tat on the human endothelial ECV cell line. In this system, Tat inhibited cell proliferation only in the presence of(More)
Long-term effects of glucocorticoid treatment in humans induce bone loss and increase the risk of fracture in the skeleton. The pathogenic mechanisms of glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis (GIOP) are still unclear. The GIOP and its effects have been reproduced in several animal models including Danio rerio (zebrafish) embryo. The treatment of adult fish(More)
We developed a novel, rapid and cost-effective Zebrafish xenograft model of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) for drug screening in the disease. Following injection into the yolk sack of Zebrafish larvae of the human HCC cell line JHH6 stained by a vital dye, tumor mass growth was followed by fluorescence microscopy and by human Ki67 quantification. Tumor(More)
Endothelial differentiation-related factor (EDF)-1 is involved in the repression of endothelial cell differentiation and is the first studied calmodulin (CaM)-binding protein in endothelial cells. Here we report that (i) EDF-1 is in vitro and in vivo phosphorylated by protein kinase A (PKA); (ii) EDF-1/CaM interaction is modulated by the phosphorylation of(More)
Kaposi's sarcoma is a highly vascularized multifocal tumor which frequently appears as a complication of HIV infection. It has been suggested that a disorder in the cytokine network may contribute to the development of the disease. We examined the expression of several cytokines in human sporadic Kaposi's-sarcoma specimens, as well as in spindle cells(More)