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The Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB) is a short cognitive and behavioural six-subtest battery for the bedside screening of a global executive dysfunction; although recently devised, it is already extensively used thanks to its ease of administration and claimed sensitivity. The aim of the present study was to derive Italian normative values from a sample of(More)
We have developed and tested an Italian version of the Migraine Disability Assessment (MIDAS) questionnaire, an established instrument for assessing headache-related disability. A multistep process was used to translate and adapt the questionnaire into Italian, which was then tested on 109 Italian migraine without aura patients, 86 (78.9%) of whom completed(More)
OBJECTIVE To define the factors related to ALS outcome in a population-based, prospective survey. METHODS The 221 patients (120 men and 101 women) listed in the Piemonte and Valle d'Aosta ALS Register between 1995 and 1996 were enrolled in the study. The patients were prospectively monitored with a standard evaluation form after diagnosis. RESULTS Mean(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the results of deep brain stimulation of the ipsilateral posterior hypothalamus for the treatment of drug-resistant chronic cluster headaches (CHs). A technique for electrode placement is reported. METHODS Because recent functional studies suggested hypothalamic dysfunction as the cause of CH bouts, we explored the therapeutic(More)
The authors performed a double-blind, double-dummy study to compare the efficacy of verapamil with placebo in the prophylaxis of episodic cluster headache. After 5 days' run-in, 15 patients received verapamil (120 mg tid) and 15 received placebo (tid) for 14 days. The authors found a significant reduction in attack frequency and abortive agents consumption(More)
Neuroimaging studies in cluster headache (CH) patients have increased understanding of attack-associated events and provided clues to the pathophysiology of the condition. They have also suggested stimulation of the ipsilateral posterior inferior hypothalamus as a treatment for chronic intractable CH. After 8 years of experience, stimulation has proved(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Although cluster headache has traditionally been thought of as a vascular headache disorder, its periodicity suggests an involvement of central areas such as the hypothalamus. This review covers the past 3 years, which have seen remarkable progress in understanding the pathophysiology of circadian headache syndromes and have brought(More)
BACKGROUND The therapeutic use of deep brain stimulation to relieve intractable pain began in the 1950s. In some patients, stimulation of the periaqueductal grey matter induced headache with migrainous features, indicating a pathophysiological link between neuromodulation of certain brain structures and headache. RECENT DEVELOPMENTS Neuroimaging studies(More)