We explored the extent to which confabulators are susceptible to false recall and false recognition, and whether false recognition is reduced when memory for studied items is experimentally enhanced. Five confabulating patients, nine non-confabulating amnesics--including patients with (F amnesics) and without frontal-lobe dysfunction (NF amnesics)--and 14… (More)
INTRODUCTION The aim of this study was to assess regional cerebral blood flow (rCBV) in areas of CT hypoattenuation appearing in the postoperative period in patients treated for aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) using xenon-enhanced CT scanning (Xe-CT). METHODS We analyzed 15 patients (5 male and 10 female; mean age 49.7+/-12.1 years) with SAH on… (More)
We describe three cases of arachnoid cyst of the middle cranial fossa with associated intracystic and subdural haematomas. In all of the patients the diagnosis was made before surgical treatment. No bleeding could be attributed to ruptured bridging veins. In two cases the source of bleeding was identified at the interface between the dura mater and the… (More)
Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) can be complicated by reduction of regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) from large conductance vessels leading to focal edema appearing as an area of hypoattenuation on CT. In this study we included 29 patients with SAH due to aneurysmal rupture, having 36 CT low density areas within the middle cerebral artery… (More)
A case of acute bilateral extradural haematomas in an adult head-injured patient is presented. The literature concerning such an extremely rare condition is reviewed.
The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate a clinical protocol including transcranial doppler (TCD), Xenon-CT (Xe-CT) and angiography, for the detection of vasospasm leading to critical reductions of regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in both ventilated and sedated SAH patients, i.e. patients in whom clinical evaluation was not possible.… (More)
Tumours of the quadrigeminal plate in adults are usually benign. Nevertheless, obstructive hydrocephalus due to compression of the Sylvian aqueduct is an almost invariable early finding. Whether or not direct excision is undertaken, temporary or permanent treatment of the hydrocephalus is warranted. Endoscopic third ventriculostomy is an alternative to… (More)
Central neurocytomas are low-grade tumours of neuronal origin, affecting mainly young patients and usually located in the lateral or third ventricle. We report a rare case of central neurocytoma at the fourth ventricle level. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a homogeneously enhancing mass lesion at the fourth ventricle. Gross-total surgical removal was… (More)
The authors report their preliminary experience with the use of radiolabelled monoclonal antibodies (MAb) as an adjuvant treatment for 33 malignant gliomas. MAbs employed in this study are raised against Tenascin (TN) which is an antigen of the extracellular matrix of the tumour. It has also been found in neoplastic cells but never in normal brain tissue.… (More)
We present a tuberculum sellae meningioma with intrasellar extension which did not enhance with intravenous gadolinium. Identification of the diaphragma sellae, possible only on the unenhanced short TR/TE sequence, was crucial for differentiating the lesion from a pituitary adenoma, and therefore for the correct surgical approach.