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A computational approach based on an innovative stochastic algorithm, namely, the particle swarm optimizer (PSO), is proposed for the solution of the inverse-scattering problem arising in microwave-imaging applications. The original inverse-scattering problem is reformulated in a global nonlinear optimization one by defining a suitable cost function, which(More)
In this paper, a new version of the iterative multiscaling method (IMM) is proposed for reconstructing multiple scatterers in two-dimensional microwave imaging problems. This paper describes the new procedure evaluating the effectiveness of the IMM previously assessed for single object detection. Starting from inverse scattering integral equations, the(More)
A hybrid approach for the synthesis of planar thinned antenna arrays is presented. The proposed solution exploits and combines the most attractive features of a particle swarm algorithm and those of a combinatorial method based on the noncyclic difference sets of Hadamard type. Numerical experiments validate the proposed solution, showing improvements with(More)
In this letter, a real-world working case of interfering signals coming to an antenna array with random arrivals modeled as a Poisson process is considered. A procedure based on a suitable Genetic Algorithm for adaptive array control is assessed by means of numerical simulations. Selected results clearly demonstrate the effectiveness and flexibility of the(More)
—In this paper, we propose a novel pattern-recognition system to identify and classify buried objects from ground-penetrating radar (GPR) imagery. The entire process is subdivided into four steps. After a preprocessing step, the GPR image is thresholded to put under light the regions containing potential objects. The third step of the system consists of(More)
—This paper presents a novel stochastic microwave method for the detection, location and reconstruction of electric properties of breast cancer in a simplified breast phantom. The method is based on the inversion of time domain data. The problem is recast as an optimization one by defining a suitable cost function which is then minimized using an efficient(More)