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Traumatic injuries of the craniovertebral junction (CVJ) area are common and frequently the outcome of motor vehicle accidents, falls, and diving accidents. To define and characterize CVJ traumatic injuries, some international classifications are currently in use, and they are thought and focused on junction bone fracture. However, recent data point out a(More)
Cerebral convolutions were unknown until the 17th century. A constant sulcus was not recognized until the mid-1600s; it was named "the fissure of Sylvius," after the person who had always been considered as the one who discovered it. It is commonly asserted that the first description of the lateral scissure was made by Caspar Bartholin, who attributed its(More)
Object The purpose of this study was to underline the effectiveness of molecular analysis in cerebral cavernous angioma, with special attention to the familial forms. Methods Multiplex Ligation-dependent Probe Amplification analysis integrates the consecutive sequence analysis of the 3 genes (Krit1/CCM1, MGC4607/CCM2, and PDCD10/CCM3) known to be(More)
The standard treatment of foraminal syringomyelia includes foramen magnum decompression and duraplasty. Improvement or stabilization of the disease are achieved in most of cases. However, at least one third of patients are reported to receive little or no benefit. In this paper we retrospectively reviewed a series of 40 consecutive foramen magnum(More)
The usefulness of electroencephalographic (EEG) monitoring as well as the significance of the period of cross clamping in carotid endarterectomy have not been completely defined. In particular, the clinical importance of major EEG changes has not been fully investigated and some recent studies seem to indicate that the method has little value. As to the(More)
Intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) have been recognized as acquired lesions that can behave aggressively depending on the pattern of venous drainage. Based on the type of venous drainage, they can be classified as fistulas drained only by venous sinuses, those drained by venous sinuses with retrograde flow in arterialized leptomeningeal veins,(More)
In spite of the availability of the new endovascular technique (GDC) to manage cerebral aneurysms, to date, the crucial question "which is the proper treatment in a given patient?" still remains unsettled. In order to check whether an answer is possible, we retrospectively reviewed a personal series of 192 consecutive patients with cerebral aneurysms(More)
The rCBF was evaluated using I-123 HIPDM and single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) on 14 patients undergoing extracranial-intracranial (EC-IC) bypass surgery because of internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusion. Before surgery, all patients showed cortical areas of hypoperfusion over the affected cerebral hemisphere. Shortly after EC-IC bypass a(More)
A 62-year-old woman developed dysphasia, signs of intracranial hypertension and seizures. An MRI scan evidenced extra-axial contrast enhancement in the absence of mass lesions. CSF analysis was negative for malignant cytology and viral or bacterial microbiology. In the absence of other evidence, considering the acute clinical onset and MRI picture, a viral(More)