Massimo Casacchia

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The present study has been performed in order to evaluate two relevant phenomena related to startle reflex (SR) evoked by electro-cutaneous stimulation in schizophrenic patients: 1) the effect of different interstimulus intervals on R1, R2 magnitude and on R2 latency in schizophrenia in order to verify if the gating effect influences all blink reflex (BR)(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a new antipsychotic compound on negative symptoms and cognitive deficit in schizophrenia. Psychiatric symptoms and cognition were assessed in 25 patients with schizophrenia, at baseline and after they had taken risperidone for 4 weeks. The Positive and Negative Symptoms Scale (PANSS), the Wisconsin Card(More)
Recent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies found abnormalities of medial temporal lobe and basal ganglia structures. We used an inversion recovery (IR) protocol with the assistance of the Talairach atlas to identify neuroanatomical regions of interest in 19 male schizophrenic patients and 14 matched control subjects. The patient group showed smaller(More)
A standardised clinical examination which focused on neurological soft signs (NSS) was used by a neurologist blind to diagnosis to assess the presence of neurological soft signs. A comparison of NSS score was made among three groups of subjects consisting of 58 DSM-III schizophrenics, 31 of their healthy first-degree relatives and 38 normal controls. The(More)
"Theory of mind" (ToM) means the ability to represent others' intentions, knowledge and beliefs and interpret them. Children with autism typically fail tasks aimed at assessing their understanding of false beliefs. These features of autism are strikingly similar to some negative features of schizophrenia. Mental abilities were studied in 35 schizophrenics(More)
Schizophrenics display impairments in domains of social cognition such as theory of mind and emotion recognition. Recent studies, showing that the relationship of social cognition abilities with functional outcome is more significant than other neuro-cognitive functions, have considered these abilities as a target for intervention research. This article(More)
A modified procedure for administering the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, focusing on a hypothesized deficit of organizational strategy in information processing, was used to administer the test to 20 schizophrenic patients. By using this procedure, 61.5% of the poor performers (eight of 13) were dramatically transformed into good performers without any task(More)
Several findings support the hypothesis that the striatum is implicated in executive functions and in the modulation of goal-directed behavior, and could play a key role in the pathophysiology and in the production of symptoms and signs in schizophrenia. We have studied the relationship between the objective measures of the striatal structures, as evaluated(More)
This paper examines the correlations between 'Theory of Mind' (ToM) and neurocognitive performance, together with clinical and social functioning, in out-patients with schizophrenic disorders. It was hypothesised that, since the ability to make inferences about the environment and about other peoples' mental states is a key ingredient of social competence,(More)