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Lead (Pb) may affect humoral and cellular immunity, acting on lymphocytes as well as on granulocytes and monocytes. Cytokines and nitric oxide (NO) play a central role in the immune balance. In this study, plasma levels of nitrites and nitrates (NOx), IL2, IL4, IL6, IL10, TNF-alpha and INF-gamma, were measured in healthy workers with very low (Pb-B=3.2-18.0(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the relationship between job satisfaction, psychological distress, psychosocial processes and stress-related biological factors, and to evaluate whether over time changes of work satisfaction could affect the immunological-inflammatory status of workers. METHODS One hundred and one nurses were enrolled at the Clinic of Occupational(More)
The capacity of the remodeling immune responses during stress (immune plasticity) is fundamental to reach successful aging. We herein report two pivotal models to demonstrate the relevance of the immune plasticity in aging and successful aging. One model is represented by the circadian rhythms of immune responses; the other one is the immune responses(More)
OBJECTIVE Impairment of clock gene expression and changes in melatonin and 17-β-estradiol levels may constitute biological alterations underlying the increased risk of breast cancer among shift workers. The aim of this study was to compare levels of selected core clock gene expression, 6-sulfatoxymelatonin (aMT6s), and 17-β-estradiol between rotational(More)
BACKGROUND Improved detection methods for diagnosis of malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) are essential for early and reliable detection as well as treatment. Since recent data point to abnormal levels of microRNAs (miRNAs) in tumors, we hypothesized that a profile of deregulated miRNAs may be a marker of MPM and that the levels of specific miRNAs may be(More)
Mercury (Hg2+) affects cell-mediated immunity, including thymulin production. Thymulin, a zinc-dependent thymic hormone synthesized by thymic epithelial cells (TECs), is involved in NK cell cytotoxicity and Th1 cytokine production (IL-2 and IFN-gamma), which in turn affect both NKT and classic NK spleen cell cytotoxicity. High doses of Hg2+ induce an(More)
OBJECTIVES Malignant mesothelioma (MM) is a highly aggressive tumor with poor prognosis. A major challenge is the development and application of early and highly reliable diagnostic marker(s). Serum biomarkers, such as 'soluble mesothelin-related proteins' (SMRPs), is the most studied and frequently used in MM. However, the low sensitivity of SMRPs for(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have indicated an association between shift work and cardiovascular disease. Increased plasma homocysteine levels has been proposed as a cardiovascular risk factor independent of other conventional risk factors. AIMS Our aim is to verify the usefulness of plasma homocysteine as a screening test to prevent cardiovascular(More)
Asbestos is known to induce malignant mesothelioma (MM) and other asbestos-related diseases. It is directly genotoxic by inducing DNA strand breaks and cytotoxic by promoting apoptosis in lung target cells. Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP1) is a nuclear zinc-finger protein with a function as a DNA damage sensor. To determine whether PARP1 is involved in(More)
BACKGROUND Shift work has been associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD); in particular, night work affects the circadian rhythm. DESIGN AND METHODS The study examines the effectiveness of three screening methods and plasma hyperhomocysteinemia, an independent risk factor, in assessing the risk of CVD in 147 healthcare providers(More)