Massimo Boninsegni

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A novel supersolid phase is predicted for an ensemble of Rydberg atoms in the dipole-blockade regime, interacting via a repulsive dipolar potential softened at short distances. Using exact numerical techniques, we study the low-temperature phase diagram of this system, and observe an intriguing phase consisting of a crystal of mesoscopic superfluid(More)
We discuss techniques to generate long-range interactions in a gas of ground state alkali atoms, by weakly admixing excited Rydberg states with laser light. This provides a tool to engineer strongly correlated phases with reduced decoherence from inelastic collisions and spontaneous emission. As an illustration, we discuss the quantum phases of dressed(More)
By large-scale quantum Monte Carlo simulations we show that grain boundaries in 4He crystals are generically superfluid at low temperature, with a transition temperature of the order of approximately 0.5 K at the melting pressure; nonsuperfluid grain boundaries are found only for special orientations of the grains. We also find that close vicinity to the(More)
On the basis of first-principles Monte Carlo simulations we find that the screw dislocation along the hexagonal axis of an hcp 4He crystal features a superfluid (at T-->0) core. This is the first example of a regular quasi-one-dimensional supersolid--the phase featuring both translational and superfluid orders, and one of the cleanest cases of a(More)
Conclusive experimental evidence of a supersolid phase in any known condensed matter system is presently lacking. On the other hand, a supersolid phase has been recently predicted for a system of spinless bosons in continuous space, interacting via a broad class of soft-core, repulsive potentials. Such an interaction can be engineered in assemblies of(More)
The supersolid state of matter, exhibiting nondissipative flow in solids, has been elusive for 35 years. The recent discovery of a nonclassical moment of inertia in solid 4He by Kim and Chan provided the first experimental evidence, although the interpretation in terms of supersolidity of the ideal crystal phase remains a subject to debate. Using quantum(More)
We study different solid phases of 4He, by means of path integral Monte Carlo simulations based on a recently developed worm algorithm. Our study includes simulations that start off from a high- gas phase, which is then "quenched" down to T = 0.2 K. The low-T properties of the system crucially depend on the initial state. While an ideal hcp crystal is a(More)
We present results of a theoretical study of structural and superfluid properties of parahydrogen (p-H(2)) clusters comprising 25, 26, and 27 molecules at low temperature. The microscopic model utilized here is based on the Silvera-Goldman pair potential. Numerical results are obtained by means of quantum Monte Carlo simulations, making use of the(More)
We present results of a comprehensive theoretical investigation of the low temperature (T) properties of clusters of para-hydrogen (p-H(2)), both pristine as well as doped with isotopic impurities (i.e., ortho-deuterium, o-D(2)). We study clusters comprising up to N = 40 molecules, by means of quantum simulations based on the continuous-space Worm(More)
Ground state properties of condensed helium are calculated using the path integral ground state (PIGS) method. A fourth-order approximation is used as short (imaginary) time propagator. We compare our results with those obtained with other quantum Monte Carlo (QMC) techniques and different propagators. For this particular application, we find that the(More)