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BACKGROUND Indeterminate non-calcified lung nodules are frequent when low-dose spiral computed tomography (LD-CT) is used for lung cancer screening. We assessed the diagnostic utility of a non-invasive work-up protocol for nodules detected at baseline in volunteers enrolled in our single-centre screening trial, and followed for at least 1 year. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Low-dose spiral CT of the chest effectively detects early-stage lung cancer in high-risk individuals. The high rate of benign nodules and issues of making a differential diagnosis are critical factors that currently hamper introduction of large-scale screening programmes. We investigated the efficacy of repeated yearly spiral CT and selective use(More)
PURPOSE Analysis of circulating DNA in plasma can provide a useful marker for earlier lung cancer detection. This study was designed to assess the sensitivity and specificity of a quantitative molecular assay of circulating DNA to identify patients with lung cancer and monitor their disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS The amount of plasma DNA was determined(More)
Robust technique and accurate data analysis are required for reliable computed tomography perfusion (CTp) imaging. Multislice CT is required for high temporal resolution scanning; 16-slice (or 64-slice) scanners are preferred for adequate volume coverage. After tumour localization, the volume of CTp imaging has to be positioned to include the maximum(More)
Neoangiogenesis and enhanced glucose metabolism in neoplasms are likely to be activated by the same biochemical stimulus; hypoxia. A correlation between these two parameters has been postulated. The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between Fluoro-desoxi-glucose uptake at positron emission tomography scan and angiogenesis in lung(More)
PURPOSE To compare the outcome of two different image-based postimplant dosimetry methods in permanent seed implantation. METHODS AND MATERIALS Between October 1999 and October 2002, 150 patients with low-risk prostate carcinoma were treated with (125)I and (103)Pd in our institution. A CT-MRI image fusion protocol was used in 21 consecutive patients(More)
Radical external-beam radiotherapy (EBRT) is a standard treatment for prostate cancer (PC) patients. Despite this, the rate of intraprostatic relapses after primary EBRT is still not negligible. There is no consensus on the most appropriate management of these patients after EBRT failure. Treatment strategies after PC relapse are strongly influenced by the(More)
INTRODUCTION The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of computed tomography (CT) perfusion in differentiating metastatic from inflammatory enlarged axillary lymph nodes in patients with breast cancer. METHODS Twenty-five patients with 26 locally advanced breast tumors and clinically palpable axillary lymph nodes underwent dynamic(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic value of multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) and F18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) for the detection of local and distant recurrence in patients operated on for rectal cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS Sixty-seven patients who underwent radical(More)
PURPOSE This study assessed the risk factors for pneumothorax and intrapulmonary haemorrhage after computed tomography (CT)-guided lung biopsies. MATERIALS AND METHODS CT-guided lung biopsies performed between January 2007 and July 2008 were retrospectively evaluated to select the study cohort. Whenever possible, emphysema was quantified by using(More)