Massimo Aureli

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Qualitative and quantitative changes in glycosphingolipids, together with changes in the expression of the corresponding glycosyltransferases, have been reported along neuronal differentiation and aging. Plasma membrane (PM) glycosphingolipid pattern and content are the result of a complex network of metabolic pathways, including those potentially involving(More)
In this paper, we show that the pH optimum for the plasma membrane (PM)-associated activity of four glycohydrolases (conduritol B epoxide sensitive β-glucosidase, β-glucosidase GBA2, β-hexosaminidase and β-galactosidase) measured on intact cells is acidic. Moreover, we show that drugs able to modify the efflux of protons across the PM, thus locally(More)
The sphingolipid plasma membrane content and pattern is the result of several processes, among which the main, in term of quantity, are: neo-biosynthesis in endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatus, membrane turnover with final catabolism in lysosomes and membrane shedding. In addition to this, past and recent data suggest that the head group of(More)
Sphingolipids are polar membrane lipids present as minor components in eukaryotic cell membranes. Sphingolipids are highly enriched in nervous cells, where they exert important biological functions. They deeply affect the structural and geometrical properties and the lateral order of cellular membranes, modulate the function of several membrane-associated(More)
Glycosphingolipids are a large group of complex lipids particularly abundant in the outer layer of the neuronal plasma membranes. Qualitative and quantitative changes in glycosphingolipids have been reported along neuronal differentiation and aging. Their half-life is short in the nervous system and their membrane composition and content are the result of a(More)
We report a novel role for the lysosomal galactosylceramidase (GALC), which is defective in globoid cell leukodystrophy (GLD), in maintaining a functional post-natal subventricular zone (SVZ) neurogenic niche. We show that proliferation/self-renewal of neural stem cells (NSCs) and survival of their neuronal and oligodendroglial progeny are impaired in(More)
The activities of plasma membrane associated sialidase Neu3, total β-glucosidase, CBE-sensitive β-glucosidase, non-lysosomal β-glucosyl ceramidase GBA2, β-galactosidase, β-hexosaminidase and sphingomyelinase were determined at three different stages of differentiation of murine neural stem cell cultures, corresponding to precursors, commited progenitors,(More)
A reduction of 70% of the plasma membrane-associated sialidase Neu3 activity, due to a corresponding reduction of the enzyme expression by transducing cells with a short hairpin RNA encoding a sequence target (complementary messenger of mouse Neu3), caused neurite elongation in Neuro2a murine neuroblastoma cells. The differentiation process was accompanied(More)
The collective properties of the lipids that form biological membranes give rise to a very high level of lateral organization within the membranes. Lipid-driven membrane organization allows the segregation of membrane-associated components into specific lipid rafts, which function as dynamic platforms for signal transduction, protein processing, and(More)
The brain is characterized by the presence of cell types with very different functional specialization, but with the common trait of a very high complexity of structures originated by their plasma membranes. Brain cells bear evident membrane polarization with the creation of different morphological and functional subcompartments, whose formation,(More)