Massimo Alessandro Mariani

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The 2,160,267 bp genome sequence of Streptococcus agalactiae, the leading cause of bacterial sepsis, pneumonia, and meningitis in neonates in the U.S. and Europe, is predicted to encode 2,175 genes. Genome comparisons among S. agalactiae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcus pyogenes, and the other completely sequenced genomes identified genes specific(More)
Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is a multiserotype bacterial pathogen representing a major cause of life-threatening infections in newborns. To develop a broadly protective vaccine, we analyzed the genome sequences of eight GBS isolates and cloned and tested 312 surface proteins as vaccines. Four proteins elicited protection in mice, and their combination(More)
Chronic ischaemic mitral regurgitation (CIMR) remains one of the most complex and unresolved aspects in the management of ischaemic heart disease. This review provides an overview of the present knowledge about the different aspects of CIMR with an emphasis on mechanisms, current surgical treatment results and new mechanism-based surgical approaches. CIMR(More)
Chlamydia pneumoniae, a human pathogen causing respiratory infections and probably contributing to the development of atherosclerosis and heart disease, is an obligate intracellular parasite which for replication needs to productively interact with and enter human cells. Because of the intrinsic difficulty in working with C. pneumoniae and in the absence of(More)
We tested the possibility of identifying areas of hibernating myocardium by the combined assessment of perfusion and metabolism using single photon emission tomography (SPET) with technetium-99m hexakis 2-methoxyisobutylisonitrile (99mTc-MIBI) and positron emission tomography (PET) with fluorine-18 fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose (18F-FDG). Segmental wall motion,(More)
PURPOSE Because several reports have described the relation between epilepsy and cardiac arrhythmias and suggest that changes in autonomic neural control of the heart could be involved in the pathogenesis of sudden unexplained death in patients with epilepsy, the aim of this study was to evaluate cardiac function in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy. (More)
Spontaneous coronary artery dissection is an extremely rare event occurring especially in pregnant women, either peripartum or postpartum. Urgent coronary angiography has to be performed to confirm the diagnosis and to determine the appropriate therapeutic strategy. We present the case of a 36-year-old woman in week 36 of her pregnancy who was admitted in(More)
BACKGROUND We previously reported that group A Streptococcus (GAS) pili are the T antigens described by Rebecca Lancefield. We also showed that these pili, constituted by backbone, ancillary 1, and ancillary 2 proteins, confer protection against GAS challenge in a mouse model. METHODS We evaluated pilus distribution and conservation by sequencing the(More)
By the analysis of the recently sequenced genomes of Group B Streptococcus (GBS) we have identified a novel immunogenic adhesin with anti-phagocytic activity, named BibA. The bibA gene is present in 100% of the 24 GBS strains analysed. BibA-specific IgG were found in human sera from normal healthy donors. The putative protein product is a polypeptide of 630(More)
Off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery has been adopted enthusiastically worldwide. However, despite more than 6 years' experience and refinement, many surgeons use it only sporadically and some hardly at all. This reluctance persists despite support for the procedure because of the lack of properly designed risk models and/or randomized studies. Although(More)