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OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether the technique to open the abdomen might influence the operative time and the maternal and neonatal outcome. METHODS All consecutive women who underwent a cesarean section at a gestational age greater than or equal to 32 weeks were randomly allocated to have either the Joel-Cohen or the Pfannenstiel incision. Exclusion(More)
OBJECTIVE We sought to compare the efficacy of a double-balloon transcervical catheter to that of a prostaglandin (PG) vaginal insert among women undergoing labor induction. STUDY DESIGN In all, 210 women with a Bishop score ≤6 were assigned randomly to cervical ripening with either a double-balloon device or a PGE2 sustained-release vaginal insert.(More)
UNLABELLED In a previous study on formula-fed preterm infants, we were able to demonstrate that dietary oligosaccharides (a mixture of 90% galacto-oligosaccharides and 10% fructo-oligosaccharides in a concentration of 1 g/dl) stimulate the growth of faecal bifidobacteria. In the present explorative analysis of this study, we focus on the effect of the(More)
The incidence of allergic manifestations was evaluated from birth until 6 y of age in 83 very low-birthweight infants (VLBWIs). In the same period 98 full-term babies were followed from birth to 24 mo of life. All the subjects were examined by paediatricians to establish the presence of atopic dermatitis (AD), gastrointestinal disturbances (GD) and asthma(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine whether the maximum time for cervical ripening (from 24-12 hours) would influence the efficacy of a transcervical Foley catheter and to compare efficacy to that of a prostaglandin E(2) vaginal insert. STUDY DESIGN Three hundred ninety-seven women were assigned randomly to (1) Foley catheter left in(More)
UNLABELLED Among other components of human milk, oligosaccharides might contribute to the high efficiency of calcium absorption of breastfed infants. In adults, it can be shown that dietary oligosaccharides can improve calcium absorption. The present analysis was performed to evaluate a possible influence of dietary oligosaccharides on parameters of calcium(More)
Respiratory failure in the premature infants remains a difficult challenge. An alternative to the use of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) as a non-invasive modality to support respiratory distress in premature infants has been the recent introduction of high flow nasal cannula (HFNC) devices in many neonatal units. There has been increased(More)
BACKGROUND Studies suggest that giving newly born preterm infants sustained lung inflation (SLI) may decrease their need for mechanical ventilation (MV) and improve their respiratory outcomes. METHODS We randomly assigned infants born at 25 weeks 0 days to 28 weeks 6 days of gestation to receive SLI (25 cm H2O for 15 seconds) followed by nasal continuous(More)
Prolonged administration of probiotic in preterm babies induce a rise of specific IgA and IgM antibodies against probiotic. This fact explains why presence of living germs in stools almost disappeared in spite of continuous administration. However some positive influences were observed: decreased ratio of aerobic/anaerobic. Increased ratio of gram +/gram -(More)
BACKGROUND Prevention of postnatal growth restriction of very preterm infants still represents a challenge for neonatologists. As standard feeding regimens have proven to be inadequate. Improved feeding strategies are needed to promote growth. Aim of the present study was to evaluate whether a set of nutritional strategies could limit the postnatal growth(More)