Massimiliano Valeriani

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In this work we review data on cortical generators of laser-evoked potentials (LEPs) in humans, as inferred from dipolar modelling of scalp EEG/MEG results, as well as from intracranial data recorded with subdural grids or intracortical electrodes. The cortical regions most consistently tagged as sources of scalp LERs are the suprasylvian region (parietal(More)
CO2 laser evoked potentials to hand stimulation recorded using a scalp 19-channel montage in 11 normal subjects consistently showed early N1/P1 dipolar field distribution peaking at a mean latency of 159 ms. The N1 negativity was distributed in the temporoparietal region contralateral to stimulation and the P1 positivity in the frontal region. The N1/P1(More)
Motor evoked potentials (MEPs) to transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) of the left motor cortex were recorded from the right first dorsal interosseous (FDI), abductor pollicis brevis (APB), abductor digiti minimi (ADM), flexor carpi radialis (FCR), extensor carpi radialis (ECR) in 17 normal subjects, before and after painful application of capsaicin on(More)
Several lines of evidence indicate that motor cortex excitability can be modulated by manipulation of afferent inputs, like peripheral electrical stimulation. Most studies in humans mainly dealt with the effects of prolonged low-frequency peripheral nerve stimulation on motor cortical excitability, despite its being known from animal studies that(More)
Laser pulses excite superficial free nerve endings innervated by small-myelinated (Adelta) and unmyelinated (C) fibres. Whereas laser-evoked scalp potentials (LEPs) are now reliably used to assess function of the Adelta-fibre nociceptive pathways in patients with peripheral or central lesions, the selective activation of C-fibre receptors and recording of(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess whether the motor system excitability can be modified by experimental tonic pain induced either in muscles or in subcutis. METHODS Transcranial magnetic stimulation of the left primary motor cortex was used to record motor evoked potentials (MEPs) from the right abductor digiti minimi (ADM) muscle. Recordings were made before, during(More)
The habituation to sensory stimuli of different modalities is reduced in migraine patients. However, the habituation to pain has never been evaluated. Our aim was to assess the nociceptive pathway function and the habituation to experimental pain in patients with migraine. Scalp potentials were evoked by CO(2) laser stimulation (laser evoked potentials,(More)
Several recent studies support the view that the cerebellum's contribution to sensory processing is not limited to movement regulation. In a previous paper (Restuccia D, Valeriani M, Barba C, Le Pera D, Capecci M, Filippini V, Molinari M. Functional changes of the primary somatosensory cortex in patients with unilateral cerebellar lesions. Brain 2001; 124:(More)
Since a number of patients with Parkinson's Disease (PD) complain of painful sensations, we studied whether the central processing of nociceptive inputs is abnormal in PD. To test this hypothesis, we recorded scalp CO(2) laser evoked potentials (LEPs) to hand skin stimulation in 18 pain-free PD patients with unilateral bradykinetic-rigid syndrome(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate whether the same dipolar model could explain the scalp CO(2) laser evoked potential (LEP) distribution after either hand or foot skin stimulation. METHODS LEPs were recorded in 14 healthy subjects after hand and foot skin stimulation and brain electrical source analysis of responses obtained in each individual was performed. (More)