Massimiliano Prencipe

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OBJECTIVES To assess the 1 year prevalence of tension-type headache (TTH), migraine headache (MH), and chronic daily headache (CDH), as well as of headache in general in a rural elderly population. METHODS A door to door two phase survey was carried out on all elderly (>/=65 years) residents in three villages in central Italy. Participants completed a(More)
OBJECTIVES To estimate the prevalence of dementia in an elderly rural population and to determine the effects of age, sex, and education. METHODS To obtain prevalence estimates of both cognitive impairment and dementia a door to door two phase population survey was carried out in three rural villages in central Italy. Of 1147 inhabitants older than 64,(More)
OBJECTIVE In this study, we tested the excitability of cortical motor areas in patients with Alzheimer's disease. Because repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) modulates cortical excitability, possibly by inducing a short-term increase in synaptic efficacy, we used rTMS to investigate motor cortex excitability in patients with Alzheimer's(More)
PURPOSE Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) are episodes that may resemble epileptic seizures (ES) but are not associated with abnormal electrical discharges in the brain. Video-EEG recording of a typical episode is considered the best diagnostic tool available. PNES are, however, also documented in patients with epilepsy (PNES/ES). The purpose of this(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The etiology of stroke in the young is different from that in older patients and remains unknown in almost one third of the cases. To gain further insight into both pathogenic and etiologic determinants, we prospectively studied a large number of consecutive young adults with focal cerebral ischemia. METHODS Three hundred(More)
Because there is uncertainty about the role of atherogenic and nonatherogenic risk factors for cerebral ischemia in the young, we carried out a multicenter, hospital-based, case-control study. 333 patients (15-44 years) with focal cerebral ischemia (transient ischemic attack or stroke within 8 weeks of admission) were eligible. 25 patients were excluded,(More)
In September 2002 the European Medicines Evaluation Agency (EMEA) approved a licence for alteplase (rt-PA) in the treatment of ischaemic stroke within 3 h of symptom onset. One of the conditions required by the EU regulatory authorities for the official definitive approval of thrombolytic therapy was that treatment safety should be monitored over a period(More)
PURPOSE Electroencephalography/functional magnetic resonance imaging (EEG/fMRI) has been proposed recently as a tool to study electrophysiological activity and, consequently, detect brain regions activated during epileptiform EEG abnormalities. The purpose of the study was to review our two-year experience with studying ictal and interictal activities in(More)
PURPOSE Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) is used to detect changes in the distribution of water molecules in regions affected by various pathologies. Like other conditions, ictal epileptic activity, such as status epilepticus (SE), can cause regional vasogenic/cytotoxic edema that reflects hemodynamic and metabolic changes. This study(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Stroke, disability, and dementia often coexist in elderly people. We assessed the prevalence and mutual association of these disorders in an elderly rural population. METHODS We carried out a door-to-door survey on all subjects aged 65 years or over (n=1032) living in a rural community. To evaluate the associations between stroke(More)