Massimiliano G Bianchi

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Social isolation from weaning affects hippocampal structure and function in the rat. The intrinsic dynamic instability of the cytoskeletal microtubular system is essential for neuronal development and organization. Accordingly, the present paper investigated the effects of social isolation on hippocampal levels of alpha-tubulin isoforms associated with(More)
In susceptible individuals, stressors can increase the risk of onset of depression and recent brain imaging studies have shown morphometric alterations in the limbic system of patients affected by depression. The volume loss observed in the hippocampus of depressed individuals suggests a possible involvement of structural neuronal plasticity in the(More)
The extracellular signal-regulated kinase1/2 (ERK1/2) pathway has a key role in cell survival and brain plasticity, processes that are impaired following exposure to stressful situations. We have recently validated two repeated intermittent stress procedures in male NMRI mice, social threat and repeated exposure to a novel cage, which result in clear(More)
This study investigated progesterone receptor (PR) cDNA expression in the testes, prostate and bulbourethral glands of prepubertal calves treated experimentally with high and low doses of 17beta-oestradiol and with testosterone. Tissue samples were examined histologically and immunohistochemically for PR. Western blot analysis and quantitative PCR against(More)
The aetiology of depression is associated with depletion in central levels of serotonin (5-HT). Hence, a major effect of antidepressant drugs is to increase synaptic 5-HT levels. Stressful conditions have also been shown to affect neuronal plasticity and 5-HT neurotransmission in the hippocampus. Neuronal plasticity, which is typically referred to as a(More)
The mechanisms through which blockade of metabotropic glutamate receptors 5 (mGluR5) results in anxiolytic and antidepressant effects are currently unknown. In the present study, we therefore hypothesized that the anxiolytic- and antidepressant-like profile of the noncompetitive mGluR5 receptor antagonist 2-ethyl-6-(phenylethynyl)-pyridine (MPEP) may be(More)
Background/Objectives:Numerous randomised controlled trials (RCTs) published in first tier medical journals have evaluated the health effects of diets high in protein. We conducted a rigorous systematic review of RCTs comparing higher- and lower-protein diets.Methods:We searched several electronic databases up to July 2011 for studies focusing on(More)
Glutamate transport in early, undifferentiated oligodendrocytic precursors has not been characterized thus far. Here we show that human oligodendroglioma Hs683 cells are not endowed with EAAT-dependent anionic amino acid transport. However, in these cells, but not in U373 human glioblastoma cells, valproic acid (VPA), an inhibitor of histone deacetylases,(More)
The transport of excitatory amino acids (EAA) in CNS is performed by a family of high affinity, sodium dependent carriers. One of these transporters, excitatory amino acid carrier 1 (EAAC1), is known to be regulated by several mechanisms that modify carrier abundance on the plasma membrane. Much less is known on EAAC1 regulation at the level of gene(More)
Opioid switching is often used to improve the opioid response in cancer patients experiencing poor analgesia or adverse effects. However, no data are available on plasmatic changes of opioids and their metabolites during these phases, and whether there exists a relationship with the clinical events. In a prospective study of 10 consecutive cancer patients(More)