Massimiliano G Bianchi

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Social isolation from weaning affects hippocampal structure and function in the rat. The intrinsic dynamic instability of the cytoskeletal microtubular system is essential for neuronal development and organization. Accordingly, the present paper investigated the effects of social isolation on hippocampal levels of alpha-tubulin isoforms associated with(More)
In susceptible individuals, stressors can increase the risk of onset of depression and recent brain imaging studies have shown morphometric alterations in the limbic system of patients affected by depression. The volume loss observed in the hippocampus of depressed individuals suggests a possible involvement of structural neuronal plasticity in the(More)
The extracellular signal-regulated kinase1/2 (ERK1/2) pathway has a key role in cell survival and brain plasticity, processes that are impaired following exposure to stressful situations. We have recently validated two repeated intermittent stress procedures in male NMRI mice, social threat and repeated exposure to a novel cage, which result in clear(More)
The mechanisms through which blockade of metabotropic glutamate receptors 5 (mGluR5) results in anxiolytic and antidepressant effects are currently unknown. In the present study, we therefore hypothesized that the anxiolytic- and antidepressant-like profile of the noncompetitive mGluR5 receptor antagonist 2-ethyl-6-(phenylethynyl)-pyridine (MPEP) may be(More)
The aetiology of depression is associated with depletion in central levels of serotonin (5-HT). Hence, a major effect of antidepressant drugs is to increase synaptic 5-HT levels. Stressful conditions have also been shown to affect neuronal plasticity and 5-HT neurotransmission in the hippocampus. Neuronal plasticity, which is typically referred to as a(More)
This study investigated progesterone receptor (PR) cDNA expression in the testes, prostate and bulbourethral glands of prepubertal calves treated experimentally with high and low doses of 17beta-oestradiol and with testosterone. Tissue samples were examined histologically and immunohistochemically for PR. Western blot analysis and quantitative PCR against(More)
Surgical reports of space-occupying syphilitic granulomas of the brain have always been rare and chemotherapeutic treatment has still further reduced their number. In 1929 Bagdasar pointed out that while from 1908 to 1912 Cushing found five cerebral gummas in 194 neurosurgical operations, from 1913 to 1927 he met with only three of these lesions in 1,500(More)
Little information is available upon the effects of carbon nanotubes (CNT) on the airway barrier. Here we study the barrier function of Calu-3 human airway epithelial cells, grown on permeable filters, after the exposure to commercial single-walled or multi-walled CNT, produced through chemical vapour deposition. To assess changes in the paracellular(More)
Glutamine and leucine are important mTORC1 modulators, although their roles are not precisely defined. In HepG2 and HeLa cells glutamine-free incubation lowers mTORC1 activity, although cell leucine is not decreased. mTORC1 activity, suppressed by amino acid-free incubation, is completely rescued only if essential amino acids (EAA) and glutamine are(More)
A number of studies suggest that stressful conditions can induce structural alterations in the hippocampus and that antidepressant drugs may prevent such deficits. In particular, the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) fluoxetine was more effective in modulating different neuronal plasticity phenomena and related molecules in rat hippocampus.(More)