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We required healthy subjects to recognize visually presented one's own or others' hands in egocentric or allocentric perspective. Both right- and left-handers were faster in recognizing dominant hands in egocentric perspective and others' non-dominant hand in allocentric perspective. These findings demonstrated that body-specific information contributes to(More)
Several studies showed that mental rotation of body parts is interfered with by manipulation of the subjects' posture. However, the experimental manipulations in such studies, e.g., to hold one arm flexed on one's own chest, activated not only proprioceptive but also self-tactile information. Here, we tested the hypothesis that the combination of self-touch(More)
Several lines of evidence demonstrate that the motor system is involved in motor simulation of actions, but some uncertainty exists about the consequences of lesions of descending motor pathways on mental imagery tasks. Moreover, recent findings suggest that the motor system could also have a role in recognition of body parts. To address these issues in the(More)
We aimed at verifying the hypothesis that facial mimicry is causally and selectively involved in emotion recognition. For this purpose, in Experiment 1, we explored the effect of tonic contraction of muscles in upper or lower half of participants' face on their ability to recognize emotional facial expressions. We found that the "lower" manipulation(More)
The purpose of this paper was to verify whether left and right parietal brain lesions may selectively impair egocentric and allocentric processing of spatial information in near/far spaces. Two Right-Brain-Damaged (RBD), 2 Left-Brain-Damaged (LBD) patients (not affected by neglect or language disturbances) and eight normal controls were submitted to the(More)
Asperger syndrome (AS) is a neurodevelopmental condition within the Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) characterized by specific difficulties in social interaction, communication and behavioural control. In recent years, it has been suggested that ASD is related to a dysfunction of action simulation processes, but studies employing imitation or action(More)
Taking another person's viewpoint and making sense of their actions are key processes that guide social behavior. Previous neuroimaging investigations have largely studied these processes separately. The current study used functional magnetic resonance imaging to examine how the brain incorporates another person's viewpoint and actions into visual(More)
Recent studies indicate that motor imagery is subserved by activation of motor information. However, at present it is not clear whether the sparing of motor efferent pathways is necessary to perform a motor imagery task. To clarify this issue, we required patients with a selective, severe de-efferentation (locked-in syndrome, LIS) to mentally manipulate(More)
Using repetitive transcranical magnetic stimulation (rTMS), we investigated the functional relevance of posterior parietal cortex for categorical and coordinate judgements in the spatial imagery domain. In the coordinate task, subjects were asked to imagine two analogue clock faces based on acoustically presented pairs of times, and to judge at which of the(More)
Patients with locked-in syndrome, although fully conscious, have quadriplegia, mutism, and lower cranial nerve paralysis. The preservation of vertical gaze and upper eyelid movements usually enables them to interact with the environment through an eye-coded communication. However, locked-in syndrome may be complicated by the development of an(More)