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BACKGROUND Hereditary multiple exostosis represents the most frequent bone tumor disease in humans. It consists of cartilage deformities affecting the juxta-ephyseal region of long bones. Usually benign, exostosis could degenerate in malignant chondrosarcoma form in less than 5% of the cases. Being caused by mutations in the predicted tumor suppressor(More)
The KCNT1 gene encodes for subunits contributing to the Na(+)-activated K(+) current (KNa), expressed in many cell types. Mutations in KCNT1 have been found in patients affected with a wide spectrum of early-onset epilepsies, including Malignant Migrating Partial Seizures in Infancy (MMPSI), a severe early-onset epileptic encephalopathy characterized by(More)
One of the most severe and important complication in the treatment of patients with haemophilia A is the formation of neutralizing antibodies (FVIII inhibitors) that inhibit the clotting activity of substituted FVIII. Both genetic and environmental factors influence the susceptibility of patients to develop inhibitors. The objective of this study was to(More)
The CDC73 gene, encoding parafibromin, has been identified as a tumour suppressor gene both in hyperparathyroidism-jaw tumour (HPT-JT) syndrome and in sporadic parathyroid carcinoma. While the vast majority of CDC73 mutations affect the N-terminus or the central core of the encoded protein, as yet few mutations have been reported affecting the C-terminus.(More)
Hyperparathyroidism Jaw-Tumour Syndrome (HPT-JT) is characterized by primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT), maxillary/mandible ossifying fibromas and by parathyroid carcinoma in 15% of cases. Inactivating mutations of the tumour suppressor CDC73/HRPT2 gene have been found in HPT-JT patients and also as genetic determinants of sporadic parathyroid(More)
X;Y translocation is a relatively rare event in humans. Analyzed cytogenetically, the majority of these aberrations have breakpoints at Xp22 and Yq11. Females with t(X;Y)(p22;q11) are phenotypically normal except for short stature, while the males may have abnormalities. Aberrations that lead to nullisomy of the deleted region and complete loss of the(More)
Development of inhibitory antibodies is perhaps the most serious complication of FVIII replacement therapy, precluding efficient clinical management of patients with haemophilia A (HA). The development and function of immune system are also regulated by microRNAs (miRNAs). Mutations and changes in the level of expression of some miRNA genes have been(More)
1. Case description We report the clinical history of a boy, affected by early-onset epileptic encephalopathy with an episode of phenytoin neurotox-icity, found by whole exome sequencing to carry a previously undescribed mutation of the STXBP1 gene, combined with two heterozygous missense mutations in the same exon of the CYP2C9 gene. A male, was born at 40(More)
Endometrioid endometrial cancer is the most common gynaecological tumor in developed countries, and its incidence is increasing. The definition of subtypes, based on clinical and endocrine features or on histopathological characteristics, correlate to some extent with patient's prognosis, but there is substantial heterogeneity within tumor types. The search(More)