Massimiliano Borgogna

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PURPOSE Characterisation of chitosan-tripolyphosphate nanoparticles is presented with the aim of correlating particle shape and morphology, size distribution, surface chemistry, and production automatisation with preparation procedure, chitosan molecular weight and loaded protein. METHODS Nanoparticles were prepared by adding drop wise a(More)
The availability of mannuronan and mannuronan C-5 epimerases allows the production of a strictly alternating mannuronate-guluronate (MG) polymer and the MG-enrichment of natural alginates, providing a powerful tool for the analysis of the role of such sequences in the calcium-alginate gel network. In view of the calcium binding properties of long(More)
Transplantation of microencapsulated insulin-secreting cells is proposed as a promising therapy for the treatment of type I diabetes mellitus. In recent years, important advances have been made in the field of immunoisolation and many studies have shown that alginate provides some major advantages for encapsulation over other systems. Since it is known that(More)
A new bioactive scaffold was prepared from a binary polysaccharide mixture composed of a polyanion (alginate) and a polycation (a lactose-modified chitosan, chitlac). Its potential use for articular chondrocytes encapsulation and cartilage reconstructive surgery applications has been studied. The hydrogel combines the ability of alginate to act as a 3D(More)
This review's main objective is to discuss some physico-chemical features of polysaccharides as intrinsic determinants for the supramolecular structures that can efficiently provide encapsulation of drugs and other biological entities. Thus, the general characteristics of some basic polysaccharides are outlined in terms of their conformational, dynamic and(More)
A chemoenzymatic strategy has been exploited to make covalently linked alginate beads with high stability. This was achieved by grafting mannuronan (alginate with 100% mannuronic acid (M)) with methacrylate moieties and then performing two enzymatic steps converting M to guluronic acid (G) in alternating sequences (MG-blocks) and in G-blocks. In this way a(More)
1-Amino-1-deoxygalactose (12%, mole) has been chemically introduced on a mannuronan sample via an N-glycosidic bond involving the uronic group of the mannuronic acid (M) residues. The unsubstituted M residues in the modified polymer were converted into guluronic moieties (G) by the use of two C-5 epimerases, resulting in an alginate-like molecule(More)
The objective of the paper is to show the very important biophysical concepts that have been developed with polysaccharides. In particular, an attempt will be made to relate “a posteriori” the fundamental aspects, both experimental and theoretical, with some industrial applications of polysaccharide-based materials. The overview of chain conformational(More)
Treatment of non-healing wounds represents hitherto a severe dilemma because of their failure to heal caused by repeated tissue insults, bacteria contamination and altered physiological condition. This leads to face huge costs for the healthcare worldwide. To this end, the development of innovative biomaterials capable of preventing bacterial infection, of(More)
The initial binding of calcium ions by alginate chains was investigated in dilute solution. The use of viscometry, light scattering, circular dichroism, and fluorescence quenching performed on both Ca(2+) and Mg(2+) alginate systems allowed collecting new experimental data in addition to those already reported in the literature. This led us to propose an(More)