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BACKGROUND Infusion of sodium nitrite could provide sustained therapeutic concentrations of nitric oxide (NO) for the treatment of a variety of vascular disorders. The study was developed to determine the safety and feasibility of prolonged sodium nitrite infusion. METHODOLOGY Healthy volunteers, aged 21 to 60 years old, were candidates for the study(More)
BACKGROUND There is limited information concerning the brain's oxygen supply and demand in patients with sickle cell disease. DESIGN We measured near-infrared spectroscopy of brain oxygenation in 27 patients with sickle cell disease regardless of vaso-occlusive crisis, 14 normal healthy controls, and five anaemic patients without sickle cell disease. We(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with sickle cell disease (SCD), cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO(2)) has been reported to be below normal and to increase after red blood cell transfusion. OBJECTIVE This study was designed to determine the effects of long-term and short-term hydroxyurea (HU) treatment on cerebral oxygenation in patients with SCD. METHODS This(More)
Hydroxyurea (HU), a chemotherapeutic agent, used increasingly in the treatment of sickle cell disease (SCD) stimulates the release of a tumor necrosis factor (TNF-alpha) from human macrophages in vitro and the concentration of TNF-alpha is greater than normal in subjects affected by SCD. It is widely accepted that HU may inhibit vaso-occlusive crisis (VOC)(More)
Recent studies suggest that nitric oxide (NO) may partly be responsible for the beneficial effect of hydroxyurea (HU) in sickle cell disease (SCD) patients. NO stimulates cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) production, which mediates vasodilatation. We investigated the association between NO, cGMP and fetal haemoglobin (HbF) levels after HU(More)
Previous in vitro studies suggest that erythrocytes may be a source of nitric oxide (NO) produced by nitric oxide synthase (NOS) or by oxyhemoglobin-mediated oxidation of hydroxyurea (HU). This study was performed to determine the roles of HU and NOS in the production of NO by normal and sickle erythrocytes. Red blood cells (RBCs) from normal adult(More)
Limited data are available regarding the physicochemical dynamics of tissue hypoxia in sickle cell disease. Studies using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) have reported that patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) have lower cerebral oxygen saturation values (rSO2) than normal individuals. The reason SCD patients have subnormal rSO2 values is not known. It(More)
Arterialization of the venous blood is thought to be indicative of cutaneous shunting, and occurs in patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) during vaso-occlusive crisis (VOC). We performed the present study to quantify the amount of shunting that occurs in sickle cell patients presenting at the Howard University Sickle Cell Center, Washington, D.C., as(More)
Hydroxyurea is an antitumor drug widely used in the treatment of sickle cell disease. The drug has been analyzed in biological fluids by a number of high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) methods. This paper describes a fast and highly reliable capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) procedure that was developed for the detection and(More)
These studies were designed as two experiments. Experiment 1 was performed to validate the hypothesis that oxygen saturation of the venous blood may be a marker for vaso-occlusive crisis (VOC) in sickle cell patients undergoing hydroxyurea (HU) treatments. Experiment 2 was performed to test the hypothesis that an acute increase in the blood nitric oxide(More)