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OBJECTIVE The goal was to estimate the prevalence of overweight, obesity, underweight, and abdominal obesity among the adult population of Iran. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES A nationwide cross-sectional survey was conducted from December 2004 to February 2005. The selection was conducted by stratified probability cluster sampling through household(More)
The objective of this study was to examine the effects of lovastatin on bone mineral density (BMD) of postmenopausal women with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). The study was an open-label clinical trial conducted from March 2002 to November 2003. Fifty-five postmenopausal women age 54-67 years with type 2 DM were allocated to lovastatin-treated and control(More)
Chronic inflammation contributes to insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We investigated whether treatment with salsalate, an anti-inflammatory medication, improves glycemia in a group of newly diagnosed drug-naïve patients with T2DM. The study was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Diagnosis of T2DM was made within 2(More)
OBJECTIVE Zinc, an essential trace element and a component of many enzymes, is involved in the synthesis, storage and release of insulin. The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of zinc supplementation on insulin resistance and components of the metabolic syndrome in prepubertal obese children. DESIGN This triple-masked, randomized,(More)
The progression from normal glucose tolerance (NGT) to type 2 diabetes (T2D) occurs through an intermediate state of glucose intolerance known as pre-diabetes. This transition is usually a gradual phenomenon that occurs over 5-10 years. Among the routinely practiced T2D screening criteria, like, FPG, IFG, IGT or HbA1c, still the issue of a preferable one is(More)
OBJECTIVE Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM-T2) is commonly associated with increased triglycerides (TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels. Fibrates like gemfibrozil are frequently used in diabetic patients to decrease TG and increase HDL-C levels. We compared the efficacy of Vitamin C, an(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Vitamin D deficiency is one of the major health problems and unexpectedly has a high prevalence in sunny countries (e.g. Middle East). In this study we determined the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in pregnant women and their newborns in Isfahan, a sunny city in Iran. METHODS In a cross-sectional study, 88 newborns born in Beheshty(More)
INTRODUCTION To evaluate the clinical profile of BIAsp 30 (30% soluble insulin aspart, 70% protamine-crystallized insulin aspart) (NovoMix®)30) in type 2 diabetes patients in routine clinical practice in Iran. MATERIAL AND METHODS IMPROVE™ was a 26-week, multinational, open-label, non-randomized study in patients with type 2 diabetes. The safety and(More)
BACKGROUND Iodine deficiency produces the spectrum of iodine deficiency disorders (IDDs) including endemic goiter, hypothyroidism, cretinism and congenital anomalies. Other factors, including goitrogens and micronutrient deficiencies may influence the prevalence and severity of IDDs and response to iodine supplementation. An association between zinc and(More)
BACKGROUND Our goal was to estimate the prevalence and risk factors of metabolic syndrome (MetSyn) in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) using routinely collected data from a clinical information system at Isfahan Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Centre, Iran. METHODS Consecutive diabetic patients (9889 total, 4164 male and 5725 female) from(More)