Masoud Ahmadi

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Cytochrome P450-mediated 4-hydroxylation of retinoic acid is an important pathway in the termination of its biological action and the activity of certain P450 isozymes has been studied in non-induced male rat hepatic microsomes using isozyme-selective inhibitors. The importance of the activity of the isozyme to retinoic acid metabolism was, 2A6 (diethyl(More)
The genetic diversity of a large number of pistachio genotypes grown in Iran is not exactly known. Most of the studies on genetic diversity of Iranian pistachio varieties are based on morphological characteristics or isozyme markers. In the present study, the genetic diversity of selected pistachio cultivars along with some wild species were evaluated by(More)
Significant differences between the metabolism of retinoic acid by different tissues might be an important determinant of the effectiveness of a systemically administered inhibitor at a particular tissue site. Here the metabolism of retinoic acid has been studied in microsomal fractions from different tissues (liver, kidney, intestinal mucosa, lung, skin,(More)
Four 1-[(benzofuran-2-yl)methyl]imidazoles (1-4) have been evaluated as in-vitro inhibitors of human testicular and bovine adrenal microsomal 17 alpha-hydroxylase: 17,20-lyase (P450 17) as potential anti-prostatic agents. Their specificity towards other steroidogenic and liver enzymes has been compared with that of ketoconazole. All four compounds were(More)
In the female mouse, dapsone (50-500 mg kg-1, p.o.) caused a dose-related methaemoglobinaemia which peaked at 0.5-1 h with recovery to baseline values occurring by 4 h. Cimetidine (100 mg kg-1, p.o.), a known inhibitor of several hepatic P450 isozymes administered 1 h before dapsone, prevented the methaemoglobinaemia. In-vitro, dapsone required activation(More)
INTRODUCTION Oral Lichen Planus (OLP) and Oral Lichenoid Lesions (OLLs) are clinically and histopathologically similar lesions but with different etiologies and treatment plan, thus differentiating these two has been the center of many researches. Studies in different populations have been performed on clinical and histopathologic features of OLP and OLLs.(More)
The synthesis of a series of novel 1-[(benzofuran-2-yl)phenylmethyl]-triazoles and -tetrazoles is described. The compounds were tested for human placental aromatase inhibition in vitro, using [1beta-3H]-androstenedione as the substrate for the aromatase enzyme, the percentage inhibition and IC50 data is included.
3-(4'-Aminophenyl)pyrrolidine-2,5-dione (WSP3), a known reversible inhibitor of P450 aromatase, was modified using molecular graphics and our model of reversible inhibitor and substrate binding to resemble 10 beta-prop-2-ynylestr-4-ene-3,17-dione (PED), a mechanism-based inactivator of the enzyme. The analogues prepared were 3-substituted 3-(prop-2-enyl) or(More)
Among a library of 70 azoles, 8 indole derivatives substituted in the 2-, 3- or 5- position with an azolylmethyl or alpha-azolylbenzyl chain were evaluated for retinoic acid (RA) metabolism inhibitory activity. The most active inhibitors identified in this study were 5-bromo-1-ethyl-3-methyl-2-[(phenyl)(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)methyl]-1H-indole (3) (68.9%(More)
The low stereospecificity of the enantiomers of 1-[(benzofuran-2-yl)-4-chlorophenylmethyl]imidazole (6, R=H, R'=4'-Cl) and the corresponding 4-fluoro compound as inhibitors of aromatase (P450Arom) has been explored using 1-(5,7-dichlorobenzofuran-2-yl)-1-(1H-imidaz-1-yl)ethane (7, R1=R2=Cl, R=CH3), -propane (7, R1=R2=Cl, R=C2H5), and the corresponding(More)