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The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of self-reported, ROME II-defined constipation and determine the average defecation frequency and stool types in the Iranian population. A self-reported questionnaire was distributed to 1045 participants, including items intended to identify the presence of ROME II-defined functional constipation and(More)
BACKGROUND After cesarean section surgery, routine pharmacologic methods of analgesia--opioids and benzodiazepines--may impair the immediate close contact of mother and neonate for their sedative and emetic effects. OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to explore the effect of patient-selected music on postoperative pain, anxiety, opioid requirement, and(More)
BACKGROUND Intentional lowering of blood pressure helps to produce a desirably clean surgical field. Many drugs can be used to induce a hypotensive state, but due to their high potency and rapid effect, drugs that more easily and safely control the induction of hypotension are desirable. OBJECTIVES To investigate the effects of premedication with oral(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Recent studies have shown that liver transaminases are associated with components of the metabolic syndrome including central obesity, type 2 diabetes, dyslipidaemia and high blood pressure, but their direct influence on coronary atherosclerosis has not been investigated before. We conducted this study to evaluate the predictive value of(More)
BACKGROUND Amyl-m-cresol (Strepsils®) has been successfully used in the prophylaxis and treatment of oral inflammations, but its effects on postintubation sore throat and hoarseness are unknown. We conducted this study to evaluate the effects of Strepsils in reducing postintubation sore throat and hoarseness. METHODS One hundred fifty patients, ASA(More)
BACKGROUND Blood loss in spine surgery is an important issue, even though it has been understudied compared with hip and knee arthroplasty. OBJECTIVES In this study, we evaluated the effect of oral clonidine as premedication on blood loss in lumbar spine fusion surgery under anesthesia with propofol and remifentanil. PATIENTS AND METHODS In this(More)
Implication for health policy/practice/research/medical education: Liver surgery and perioperative care of patients with hepatic dysfunction is still moving toward better safety. Anesthesiologists play their role with judicious selection of anesthetic medications. Ischemic liver injury occurs in a variety of clinical settings such as trauma, shock, and(More)
Despite advances made in treatment, uremic pruritus remains a common and distressing symptom in patients on hemodialysis (HD). Gabapentin is an effective drug in the management of neuropathic pain. Considering that neuropathic pain and pruritus share similar pathogenic mechanisms, we conducted this study to evaluate the efficacy of gabapentin in controlling(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the attitudes of the young adult population towards premarital screening for hepatitis B virus (HBV). METHODS Premarital counselling for reproductive health and testing for thalassaemia is required for couples wishing to be married in Iran. We added an information session about hepatitis B to the routine counselling programme, and(More)
Bleeding during functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) remains a challenge for both surgeons and anesthesiologists despite several modalities available for improving the surgical field. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of oral clonidine premedication on blood loss and the quality of the surgical field in FESS. In a placebo-controlled(More)