Mashkoor A. Choudhry

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We performed a retrospective multicenter chart review to compare the efficacy and tolerance of plasma exchange (PE) and intravenous immunoglobulin (i.v.Ig) in treatment of 54 episodes of myasthenic crisis. After adjustment for other variables, PE (compared with i.v.Ig) was associated with a superior ventilatory status at 2 weeks (partial F = 6.2, p = 0.02)(More)
Advanced age is associated with alterations in innate and adaptive immune responses, which contribute to an increased risk of infection in elderly patients. Coupled with this immune dysfunction, elderly patients demonstrate impaired wound healing with elevated rates of wound dehiscence and chronic wounds. To evaluate how advanced age alters the host immune(More)
The mechanism of alcohol-mediated increased infection in burn patients remains unknown. With the use of a rat model of acute alcohol and burn injury, the present study ascertained whether acute alcohol exposure before thermal injury enhances gut bacterial translocation. On day 2 postinjury, we found a severalfold increase in gut bacterial translocation in(More)
Tissue hypoxia is a common sequel of trauma-hemorrhage but can occur even without blood loss under hypoxic conditions. Although hypoxia is known to upregulate Kupffer cells (KC) to release cytokines, the precise mechanism of release remains unknown. We hypothesized that Src family kinases play a role in mediating KC mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)(More)
In this study, we examined whether IL-18 plays a role in lung inflammation following alcohol (EtOH) and burn injury. Male rats ( approximately 250 g) were gavaged with EtOH to achieve a blood EtOH level of approximately 100 mg/dl before burn or sham injury ( approximately 12.5% total body surface area). Immediately after injury, rats were treated with(More)
Although studies indicate that 17beta-estradiol administration after trauma-hemorrhage (T-H) improves cardiac and hepatic functions, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Because the induction of heat shock proteins (HSPs) can protect cardiac and hepatic functions, we hypothesized that these proteins contribute to the salutary effects of estradiol after(More)
Key Words: hemorrhagic shock ⅐ heart ⅐ estrogen receptor ⅐ mi-tochondria Despite numerous advances in intensive care medicine , ischemia/reperfusion injury, sepsis, and organ dysfunction leading to multiple organ failure remain the major cause of death in trauma patients as well as in patients following major surgery (1– 8). Previous studies have shown that(More)
A growing body of evidence indicates that heme degradation products may counteract the deleterious consequences of hypoxia and/or ischemia-reperfusion injury. Because heme oxygenase (HO)-1 induction after adverse circulatory conditions is known to be protective, and because females in the proestrus cycle (with high estrogen) have better hepatic function and(More)
Protein kinase B (Akt) is known to be involved in proinflammatory and chemotactic events in response to injury. Akt activation also leads to the induction of heme oxygenase (HO)-1. Up-regulation of HO-1 mediates potent, anti-inflammatory effects and attenuates organ injury. Although studies have shown that 17beta-estradiol (E2) prevents organ damage(More)
Previous studies showed that females in the proestrus stage of the reproductive cycle maintain organ functions after trauma-hemorrhage. However, it remains unknown whether the female reproductive cycle is an important variable in the regulation of lung injury after trauma-hemorrhage and, if so, whether the effect is mediated via upregulation of heme(More)