Mashkoor A. Choudhry

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The model of cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) in rodents has been used extensively to investigate the clinical settings of sepsis and septic shock. This model produces a hyperdynamic, hypermetabolic state that can lead to a hypodynamic, hypometabolic stage, and eventual death. Blood cultures are positive for enteric organisms very early after CLP. The(More)
Severe injury deranges immune function and increases the risk of sepsis and multiple organ failure. Kupffer cells play a major role in mediating posttraumatic immune responses, in part via different Toll-like receptors (TLR). Although mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) are key elements in the TLR signaling pathway, it remains unclear whether the(More)
p38 MAPK has been reported to regulate the inflammatory response in various cell types via extracellular stimuli. p38 MAPK activation also results in the induction of heme oxygenase (HO)-1, which exerts potent anti-inflammatory effects. Although studies have shown that 17beta-estradiol (E(2)) prevented organ dysfunction following trauma-hemorrhage, it(More)
Posttraumatic activation of macrophages enhances development of systemic inflammation/immunosuppression and organ dysfunction. We hypothesized that Kupffer cells are the main source of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) production after trauma-hemorrhage, that administration of 17beta-estradiol (E2) after trauma-hemorrhage modulates MCP-1 release(More)
The mechanism of alcohol-mediated increased infection in burn patients remains unknown. With the use of a rat model of acute alcohol and burn injury, the present study ascertained whether acute alcohol exposure before thermal injury enhances gut bacterial translocation. On day 2 postinjury, we found a severalfold increase in gut bacterial translocation in(More)
Acute ethanol consumption has been linked to an increase in infectious complications in trauma and burn patients. Ethanol modifies production of a variety of macrophage-derived immunoregulatory mediators. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a potent stimulator of inflammatory responses in macrophages, activates several intracellular signaling pathways, including(More)
OBJECTIVES Because administration of 17beta-estradiol following trauma-hemorrhage improves cardiovascular responses, we investigated whether the salutary effects of 17beta-estradiol on cardiac function are mediated via Akt-dependent heme oxygenase-1 up-regulation under those conditions. DESIGN Experimental animal study. SETTING University laboratory. (More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether the nongenomic actions of E2 have any beneficial effect on cardiac function following trauma-hemorrhage and whether those effects are mediated via the PI3K/Akt pathway. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA Since studies suggest that both genomic and nongenomic pathways are involved in mediating the salutary effects of 17beta-estradiol(More)
Alcohol intoxication is being recognized increasingly as the major factor in pathogenesis after burn injury. Findings from multiple studies support the suggestion that, in comparison with burn-injured patients who sustained injury in the absence of alcohol intoxication, burn-injured patients who sustained injury under the influence of alcohol exhibit higher(More)
PGC-1alpha (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor [PPARgamma] coactivator-1alpha) activates PPARalpha and mitochondrial transcription factor A (Tfam), which regulate proteins, fatty acid and ATP metabolism (i.e., FAT/CD36, MCAD, and COX I). Recently we found that the salutary effects of estradiol (E2) on cardiac function following trauma-hemorrhage(More)