Masha Polinsky

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Sensitivity to grammatical gender was investigated in 22 Russian-speaking aphasic patients, compared with young controls. Experiment 1 used a cued shadowing paradigm to assess gender priming (facilitation and/or inhibition of lexical access by a prenominal modifier with congruent, incongruent or neutral gender). Experiment 2 used a grammaticality judgment(More)
Four experiments investigated the effect of grammatical gender on lexical access in Russian. Adjective-noun pairs were presented auditorily, using a cued-shadowing technique in which subjects must repeat the second word (the target noun), following adjectives that are either concordant or discordant with the noun's gender. Experiment 1 demonstrates gender(More)
All Mayan languages exhibit ergative–absolutive systems of agreement. However, Chol and some other members of the family display aspectually based splits: while perfective clauses show the expected ergative–absolutive alignment, imperfective and progressive (hereafter " nonperfective ") clauses show a nominative–accusative alignment (Larsen and Norman 1979,(More)
1 I would like to thank the following people for enormously helpful discussion on many aspects of these constructions: In diverse languages considered separately, each for itself and in its own functioning, the analysis of the relative clause shows a formal structure ordered by a certain function that is not always visible. The problem is to uncover that(More)
In an ergative system, transitive objects pattern together with intransitive subjects (absolutives), and to the exclusion of transitive subjects (ergatives). While this pattern is quite common cross-linguistically, it has been frequently noted in the literature on ergativity that few—if any—ergative systems are purely ergative. " No ergative language is(More)