Masayuki Sugimoto

Learn More
A polarity complex of PAR-3, PAR-6, and atypical protein kinase C (aPKC) functions in various cell polarization events. PAR-3 directly interacts with Tiam1/Taim2 (STEF), Rac1-specific guanine nucleotide exchange factors, and forms a complex with aPKC-PAR-6-Cdc42*GTP, leading to Rac1 activation. RhoA antagonizes Rac1 in certain types of cells. However, the(More)
Sphingomyelin synthase 2 (SMS2) is a proposed potential therapeutic target for obesity and insulin resistance. However, the contributions of SMS2 to glucose metabolism in tissues and its possible therapeutic mechanisms remain unclear. Thus, to determine whole-body glucose utilization and the contributions of each insulin-targeted tissue to glucose uptake,(More)
BACKGROUND To validate the criteria for endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) or open repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) at Nagoya University Hospital, the results of both treatments were retrospectively compared. METHODS AND RESULTS Patient selection for EVAR was primarily based on suitable anatomy, minimum age 75 years, and significant comorbidity.(More)
Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) produces nitric oxide (NO), which is involved in various physiological functions of the cardiovascular system. eNOS is activated by dephosphorylation at Thr495 and phosphorylation at Ser1177. Inhibition of Rho-kinase, an effector of the small GTPase RhoA, leads to activation of Akt/PKB, which phosphorylates eNOS at(More)
AIM Adipose tissue inflammation induced by macrophage infiltration through the MCP-1/CCR2 pathway is considered to play a pivotal role in the development of visceral obesity and insulin resistance. In the present study, therefore, we examined whether pharmacological inhibition of CCR2 is effective against the development of diet-induced metabolic disorders.(More)
Solitary profunda femoris artery aneurysm (PFAA) is extremely rare but presents with symptoms related to rupture, distal embolization, or local compression of veins and nerves. We report two surgically treated cases of solitary PFAA. In case 1, a 69-year-old man presented with sudden onset of pain in the left groin. Computed tomography scan showed a large(More)
OBJECTIVE Recently, adipose tissue inflammation induced by macrophage infiltration through MCP-1/C-C chemokine receptor-2 (CCR2) pathway is considered to play a role in the development of visceral obesity and insulin resistance. In the present study, to further examine the role of CCR2 in the development of obesity and type 2 diabetes, we studied the effect(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies suggest that statins can protect the vasculature in a manner that is independent of their lipid-lowering activity through inhibition of the small guanosine triphosphate-binding protein, Rho, and Rho-associated kinase. Little information is available on the inhibitory effect of statins on vein graft intimal hyperplasia, the main(More)
Human osteosarcomas frequently show loss of alÃ-eleson chromosome 17 as well as those on chromosome 13 that harbors the retinoblastoma gene, indicating concerted operation of another tumor-suppressing gene on chromosome 17. To assign the affected gene to a defined region of chromosome 17, we performed mitotic recombination/deletion mapping by the use of 10(More)
Recent evidence indicates that the mutation of retinoblastoma suscep tibility (RB) gene is also involved in the development of osteosarcoma. We studied 30 cases of osteosarcoma for the structural anomalies of the RB gene by Southern hybridization analysis with cDNA probes of the RB gene. Thirteen cases (43%) showed structural anomalies of the RB gene. They(More)