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AMPA (alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid) receptors mediate fast excitatory synaptic transmission in the brain. These ion channels rapidly deactivate and desensitize, which determine the time course of synaptic transmission. Here, we find that the AMPA receptor interacting protein, stargazin, not only mediates AMPA receptor(More)
Hypothalamic peptide hormones regulate the secretion of most of the anterior pituitary hormones, that is, growth hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, thyroid-stimulating hormone and adrenocorticotropin. These peptides do not regulate the secretion of prolactin, at least in a specific manner, however. The peptides act through specific(More)
Alzheimer amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta) is a physiological peptide constantly anabolized and catabolized under normal conditions. We investigated the mechanism of catabolism by tracing multiple-radiolabeled synthetic peptide injected into rat hippocampus. The Abeta1-42 peptide underwent full degradation through limited proteolysis conducted by neutral(More)
Protein kinase C-mediated phosphorylation of a 25-kDa synaptosome-associated protein (SNAP-25) was examined in living PC12 cells. Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate treatment enhanced high potassium-induced [3H]-norepinephrine release, and a 28-kDa protein recognized by an anti-SNAP-25 antibody was phosphorylated on Ser residues. The molecular size of the(More)
We report that a novel sulfonylamino compound, 4-[2-(phenylsulfonylamino)ethylthio]-2,6-difluoro-phenoxyacetam ide (PEPA), selectively potentiates glutamate receptors of the AMPA subtype. PEPA (1-200 microM) dose dependently potentiated glutamate-evoked currents in Xenopus oocytes expressing AMPA (GluRA-GluRD), but not kainate (GluR6 and GluR6+KA2) or NMDA(More)
A human gastric carcinoma cell line, KATO-II, and its subline, KATO-III, have been established in vitro from a pleural effusion of a 55-year-old male patient. Kato-II cells have been maintained using a culture medium containing human cord serum and KATO-III cells have been cultured with a medium containing fetal bovine serum. Both cell lines are(More)
Errors in the replication of DNA are a major source of spontaneous mutations, and a number of cellular functions are involved in correction of these errors to keep the frequency of spontaneous mutations very low. We report here a novel mechanism which prevents replicational errors by degrading a potent mutagenic substrate for DNA synthesis. This(More)
The human RCC1 gene was cloned after DNA-mediated gene transfer into the tsBN2 cell line, which shows premature chromosome condensation at nonpermissive temperatures (39.5-40 degrees C). This gene codes for a 2.5-kb poly(A)+ RNA that is well conserved in hamsters and humans. We isolated 15 cDNA clones from the Okayama-Berg human cDNA library, and found two(More)
The mouse Rad51 gene is a mammalian homologue of the Escherichia coli recA and yeast RAD51 genes, both of which are involved in homologous recombination and DNA repair. To elucidate the physiological role of RAD51 protein, the gene was targeted in embryonic stem (ES) cells. Mice heterozygous for the Rad51 null mutation were intercrossed and their offspring(More)
We compared the activity of free D-Ser on the potentiation of cloned NMDA receptors with that of Gly by using a Xenopus oocyte expression system. The extracellular concentration of free D-Ser and Gly was further studied by means of microdialysis. The ED50 values of D-Ser were three to four times lower than those of Gly in any combination of epsilon 1,(More)