Masayuki Sekiguchi

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AMPA (alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid) receptors mediate fast excitatory synaptic transmission in the brain. These ion channels rapidly deactivate and desensitize, which determine the time course of synaptic transmission. Here, we find that the AMPA receptor interacting protein, stargazin, not only mediates AMPA receptor(More)
Alzheimer amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta) is a physiological peptide constantly anabolized and catabolized under normal conditions. We investigated the mechanism of catabolism by tracing multiple-radiolabeled synthetic peptide injected into rat hippocampus. The Abeta1-42 peptide underwent full degradation through limited proteolysis conducted by neutral(More)
Hypothalamic peptide hormones regulate the secretion of most of the anterior pituitary hormones, that is, growth hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, thyroid-stimulating hormone and adrenocorticotropin. These peptides do not regulate the secretion of prolactin, at least in a specific manner, however. The peptides act through specific(More)
Protein kinase C-mediated phosphorylation of a 25-kDa synaptosome-associated protein (SNAP-25) was examined in living PC12 cells. Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate treatment enhanced high potassium-induced [3H]-norepinephrine release, and a 28-kDa protein recognized by an anti-SNAP-25 antibody was phosphorylated on Ser residues. The molecular size of the(More)
We compared the activity of free D-Ser on the potentiation of cloned NMDA receptors with that of Gly by using a Xenopus oocyte expression system. The extracellular concentration of free D-Ser and Gly was further studied by means of microdialysis. The ED50 values of D-Ser were three to four times lower than those of Gly in any combination of epsilon 1,(More)
Errors in the replication of DNA are a major source of spontaneous mutations, and a number of cellular functions are involved in correction of these errors to keep the frequency of spontaneous mutations very low. We report here a novel mechanism which prevents replicational errors by degrading a potent mutagenic substrate for DNA synthesis. This(More)
The mouse Rad51 gene is a mammalian homologue of the Escherichia coli recA and yeast RAD51 genes, both of which are involved in homologous recombination and DNA repair. To elucidate the physiological role of RAD51 protein, the gene was targeted in embryonic stem (ES) cells. Mice heterozygous for the Rad51 null mutation were intercrossed and their offspring(More)
The human RCC1 gene was cloned after DNA-mediated gene transfer into the tsBN2 cell line, which shows premature chromosome condensation at nonpermissive temperatures (39.5-40 degrees C). This gene codes for a 2.5-kb poly(A)+ RNA that is well conserved in hamsters and humans. We isolated 15 cDNA clones from the Okayama-Berg human cDNA library, and found two(More)
Oxidized guanine (8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine; 8-oxo-G) is a potent mutagen because of its ambiguous pairing with cytosine and adenine. The Escherichia coli MutT protein specifically hydrolyzes both 8-oxo-deoxyguanosine triphosphate (8-oxo-dGTP) and 8-oxo-guanosine triphosphate (8-oxo-rGTP), which are otherwise incorporated in DNA and RNA opposite template A.(More)
We report that a novel sulfonylamino compound, 4-[2-(phenylsulfonylamino)ethylthio]-2,6-difluoro-phenoxyacetam ide (PEPA), selectively potentiates glutamate receptors of the AMPA subtype. PEPA (1-200 microM) dose dependently potentiated glutamate-evoked currents in Xenopus oocytes expressing AMPA (GluRA-GluRD), but not kainate (GluR6 and GluR6+KA2) or NMDA(More)