Masayuki Satake

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Toxicological effects of orally administered azaspiracid (AZA), a new toxin isolated from mussels, were investigated. First, a total of 25 mice were administered AZA twice at 300-450 microg/kg doses and observed for recovery processes from severe injuries. Slow recoveries from injuries were revealed: erosion and shortened villi persisted in the stomach and(More)
When substituting the mouse bioassay for lipophilic marine algal toxins in shellfish with analytical methods, science based factors of relative toxicity for all analogues that contribute to health risk to consumers are necessary. The aim of this paper is to establish the relative intraperitoneal toxicity of dinophysistoxin-2 (DTX-2) compared with okadaic(More)
Brevetoxins (BTXs) and ciguatoxins (CTXs) bind to site 5 of the voltage-gated sodium channel of excitable membranes. In the present study, we performed a competitive inhibition assay with other structurally distinct naturally occurring polyethers using isotope-labeled dihydro BTX-B ([3H]PbTx-3), which showed, for the first time, that gambierol and gambieric(More)
Gambierol was isolated from Gambierdiscus toxicus, which causes ciguatera fish poisoning. The acute toxicological effects induced in mice by synthesized gambierol were studied. The lethal doses were about 80 microg/kg by i.p. and i.v., and 150 microg/kg by p.o. The main injury by this toxin was observed in the lung, and secondary in the heart, resulting in(More)
This paper reports on potential cellular targets of azaspiracid-1 (AZ-1), a new phycotoxin that causes diarrhoeic and neurotoxic symptoms and whose mechanism of action is unknown. In excitable neuroblastoma cells, the systems studied were membrane potential, F-actin levels and mitochondrial membrane potential. AZ-1 does not modify mitochondrial activity but(More)
Two new indole alkaloids, 2-(3,3-dimethylprop-1-ene)-costaclavine (1) and 2-(3,3-dimethylprop-1-ene)-epicostaclavine (2), together with the known compounds costaclavine (3), fumgaclavine A (4) and C (5), were isolated from the marine-derived fungus Aspergillus fumigatus. The planar structures of the two new compounds were elucidated on the basis of chemical(More)
Azaspiracid-1 (AZA-1) is a recently identified phycotoxin that accumulates in molluscs and can cause severe human intoxications. For this study, we utilized murine spinal cord and frontal cortex neuronal networks grown over 64 channel microelectrode arrays (MEAs) to gain insights into the mechanism of action of AZA-1 on neuronal cells. Extracellular(More)
Azaspiracids have recently been identified as the toxins responsible for a series of human intoxications in Europe since 1995, following the consumption of cultured mussels (Mytilus edulis) from the west coast of Ireland. Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometric (LC-MS) methods have been applied in the study reported here to investigate the new human toxic(More)
A new human toxic syndrome, azaspiracid poisoning (AZP), was identified following illness from the consumption of contaminated mussels (Mytilus edulis). To discover the aetiology of AZP, sensitive analytical protocols involving liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) were used to screen marine phytoplankton for azaspiracids. Collections of single(More)
Yessotoxin (YTX) is a shellfish toxin and its contamination in bivalves has seriously damaged shellfish industries. The biogenetic origin of YTX was identified as the dinoflagellate Protoceratium reticulatum (Claparède et Lachmann) Bütschli collected in New Zealand and Yamada Bay, Iwate in Japan. Scallops cultured in Mutsu Bay, Japan, were frequently(More)