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Cadherins are transmembrane glycoproteins involved in Ca2+-dependent cell-cell adhesion. Deletion of the COOH-terminal residues of the E-cadherin cytoplasmic domain has been shown to abolish its cell adhesive activity, which has been ascribed to the failure of the deletion mutants to associate with catenins. Based on our present results, this concept needs(More)
Cadherins are transmembrane glycoproteins involved in Ca(2+)-dependent cell-cell adhesion. Previously, we showed that the conserved membrane-proximal region of the E-cadherin cytoplasmic domain negatively regulates adhesion activity. In this report, we provide several lines of evidence that p120(ctn) is involved in this negative regulation. p120(ctn) binds(More)
The E-cadherin-catenin complex regulates Ca(2+)-dependent cell-cell adhesion and is localized to the basolateral membrane of polarized epithelial cells. Uncoupling beta-catenin from E-cadherin by deletion or substitution mutations causes accumulation of these proteins in intracellular compartments, including the trans-Golgi network and early endosomes, and(More)
Cadherins are transmembrane glycoproteins involved in Ca(2+)-dependent cell-cell adhesion. Using L cells coexpressing E-cadherin constructs with different epitope tags, we examined the lateral dimerization of E-cadherin and its adhesive activity by co-immunoprecipitation and aggregation assays, respectively. Although the transmembrane domain is required for(More)
Snail, a transcriptional repressor of E-cadherin expression, is involved in epithelial-mesenchymal transitions during development. We demonstrate that Snail activity is not restricted to E-cadherin downregulation. Expression of tight junction proteins, including claudin-1, occludin and ZO-1, was downregulated in MDCK cells exogenously expressing Snail(More)
E-cadherin is a member of the cadherin family of Ca2+-dependent cell-cell adhesion molecules. E-cadherin associates with beta-catenin at the membrane-distal region of its cytosolic domain and with p120 at the membrane-proximal region of its cytoplasmic domain. It has been shown that a pool of cell surface E-cadherin is constitutively internalized and(More)
Cutaneous spindle cell squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is a rare, but highly malignant variant of SCC. The presence of spindle-shaped cells with a sarcomatous appearance, which are derived from squamous cells, suggests that these cells are produced as a result of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). EMT is a complex process in which epithelial cells lose(More)
Snail, a transcriptional repressor of E-cadherin expression, plays a role in the process of epithelial-mesenchymal transition. However, the molecular basis of the role of snail in epithelial-mesenchymal transition has not been fully clarified. Here we show that the expression of snail in epithelial Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) and A431 cells enhances(More)
CD151, a member of the tetraspanin family proteins, tightly associates with integrin alpha3beta1 and localizes at basolateral surfaces of epithelial cells. We found that overexpression of CD151 in A431 cells accelerated intercellular adhesion, whereas treatment of cells with anti-CD151 mAb perturbed the integrity of cortical actin filaments and cell(More)
Most cases of ischemic heart disease and stroke occur as a result of atherosclerosis. The purpose of this study was to produce a new Nippon Institute for Biological Science (NIBS) miniature pig model by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) for studying atherosclerosis. The human apolipoprotein(a) (apo(a)) genes were transfected into kidney epithelial cells(More)