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All Ca2(+)-dependent cell adhesion molecules are synthesized as precursor polypeptides followed by a series of posttranslational modifications including proteolytic cleavage. The mature proteins are formed intracellularly and transported to the cell surface. For uvomorulin the precursor segment is composed of 129-amino acid residues which are cleaved off to(More)
We show that a synthetic peptide corresponding to the sequence of one putative Ca2+ binding motif of the cell adhesion molecule uvomorulin is able to complex Ca2+. This function is abolished if the first Asp in the peptide is replaced by Lys. Accordingly, we expressed in L cells mutant uvomorulin with a replacement of Asp to Lys or Ala. Mutant protein was(More)
The Ca(2+)-dependent cell adhesion molecule uvomorulin is a member of the cadherin gene family. Its cytoplasmic region complexes with structurally defined proteins termed alpha-, beta-, and gamma-catenins. Here we show that A-CAM (N-cadherin), another member of this gene family, also associates with catenins suggesting that this complex formation may be a(More)
Cadherins are transmembrane glycoproteins involved in Ca2+-dependent cell-cell adhesion. Deletion of the COOH-terminal residues of the E-cadherin cytoplasmic domain has been shown to abolish its cell adhesive activity, which has been ascribed to the failure of the deletion mutants to associate with catenins. Based on our present results, this concept needs(More)
The calcium-dependent cell-adhesion molecule uvomorulin is a member of the cadherin gene family. Recent studies on the homophilic binding of molecules from neighbouring cells have shown that the amino-terminal part of these proteins plays an important role in the adhesive mechanism. We show here that the epitope for monoclonal antibody DECMA-1, capable of(More)
Na+,K(+)-ATPase has distinctly different distributions in mesenchymal cells, where it has an unrestricted distribution over the entire cell surface, compared with polarized epithelial cells, where it is restricted to the basal-lateral membrane domain. The generation of this restricted distribution is important in mesenchyme to epithelia conversion in(More)
Cadherin trafficking controls tissue morphogenesis and cell polarity. The endocytic adaptor Numb participates in apicobasal polarity by acting on intercellular adhesions in epithelial cells. However, it remains largely unknown how Numb controls cadherin-based adhesion. Here, we found that Numb directly interacted with p120 catenin (p120), which is known to(More)
CD151, a member of the tetraspanin family proteins, tightly associates with integrin alpha3beta1 and localizes at basolateral surfaces of epithelial cells. We found that overexpression of CD151 in A431 cells accelerated intercellular adhesion, whereas treatment of cells with anti-CD151 mAb perturbed the integrity of cortical actin filaments and cell(More)
Snail1 is a transcription factor that induces the epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT). During EMT, epithelial cells lose their junctions, reorganize their cytoskeletons, and reprogram gene expression. Although Snail1 is a prominent repressor of E-cadherin transcription, its precise roles in each of the phenomena of EMT are not completely understood,(More)
The downregulation of E-cadherin function has fundamental consequences with respect to cancer progression, and occurs as part of the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). In this study, we show that the expression of the Discosoma sp. red fluorescent protein (DsRed)-tagged cadherin cytoplasmic domain in cells inhibited the cell surface localization of(More)