Masayuki Nakano

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BACKGROUND Reduced motivation and blunted decision-making are key features of major depressive disorder (MDD). Patients with MDD show abnormal decision-making when given negative feedback regarding a reward. The brain mechanisms underpinning this behavior remain unclear. In the present study, we examined the association between rapid decision-making with(More)
  • Yuko Akazawa, Hajime Isomoto, Kayoko Matsushima, Tsutomu Kanda, Hitomi Minami, Naoyuki Yamaghchi +8 others
  • 2013
Vacuolating cytotoxin A (VacA) is one of the important virulence factors produced by H. pylori. VacA induces apoptotic cell death, which is potentiated by ammonia. VacA also causes cell death by mitochondrial damage, via signaling pathways that are not fully defined. Our aim was to determine whether endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is associated with(More)
BACKGROUND The hfq gene is conserved in a wide variety of bacteria and Hfq is involved in many cellular functions such as stress responses and the regulation of gene expression. It has also been reported that Hfq is involved in bacterial pathogenicity. However, it is not clear whether Hfq regulates virulence in Vibrio parahaemolyticus. To evaluate this, we(More)
Abnormal emotional processing is involved in the pathophysiology of bipolar disorder (BD) and major depressive disorder (MDD). However, whether the neural mechanism underlying this deficit is a trait characteristic of BD and MDD is unclear. The aim of this study was to elucidate the similarities and differences in processing of emotional stimuli between(More)
Anhedonic symptoms, which include loss of pleasure, appetite and motivation, are key symptoms of major depressive disorder (MDD) and are thought to depend on a neural circuit of the mesolimbic system. The neuropeptide ghrelin plays a crucial role in appetite and reward. Little is known, however, about the role of ghrelin in MDD. We examined the association(More)
BACKGROUND Glypican-3 (GPC3) is a new prognostic factor after curative hepatectomy in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and the expression of GPC3 is known to be associated with postoperative metastasis. However, the role of GPC3 in patients with early HCC remains unknown. METHODS We retrospectively studied 55 patients with early HCC (total 99(More)