Masayuki Nakano

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BACKGROUND Vibrio parahaemolyticus, a gram-negative marine bacterium, is a worldwide cause of food-borne gastroenteritis. V parahaemolyticus strains of a few specific serotypes, probably derived from a common clonal ancestor, have lately caused a pandemic of gastroenteritis. The organism is phylogenetically close to V cholerae, the causative agent of(More)
To construct a mammalian artificial chromosome (MAC), telomere repeats and selectable markers were introduced into a 100 kb yeast artificial chromosome (YAC) containing human centromeric DNA. This YAC, which has a regular repeat structure of alpha-satellite DNA and centromere protein B (CENP-B) boxes, efficiently formed MACs that segregated accurately and(More)
Previous studies have suggested that oxygen toxicity is closely related to the developmental blockage of embryos cultured in vitro. In this study, to obtain an actual proof of the increase in production of reactive oxygen species within embryos, we have measured the level of H2O2 in individual embryos using a fluorimetric method. Mouse (ICR) pronuclear(More)
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) major non-coding regions were amplified from 73 dogs of eight Japanese native dog breeds and from 21 dogs of 16 non-Japanese dog breeds by the polymerase chain reaction and their DNA sequences were determined. A total of 51 nucleotide positions within the non-coding region (969-972 base pairs) showed nucleotide variations of which(More)
We examined genetically determined oxidation polymorphisms of metoprolol and mephenytoin in 200 unrelated, healthy Japanese subjects and in 98 mainland Chinese subjects simultaneously. This examination was done according to the respective reported phenotyping criteria by use of the urinary metabolic ratio of metoprolol and of the percentage of excretion of(More)
Isolated strabismus affects 1-5% of the general population. Most forms of strabismus are multifactorial in origin; although there is probably an inherited component, the genetics of these disorders remain unclear. The congenital fibrosis syndromes (CFS) represent a subset of monogenic isolated strabismic disorders that are characterized by restrictive(More)
1. The liver is the target organ for the lipid-regulating effect of rosuvastatin, a new 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitor, and liver-selective uptake of this drug is therefore a desirable property. The uptake kinetics of rosuvastatin were investigated and compared with those of pravastatin using isolated rat hepatocytes. 2. Uptake(More)
N-linked carbohydrate chains of the major 55-kDa family, PZP3, of porcine zona pellucida glycoproteins are composed of neutral (28%) and acidic (72%) complex-type chains. The structures of the main components of the neutral chain have been established [Noguchi, S., Hatanaka, Y., Tobita, T. & Nakano, M. (1992) Eur. J. Biochem. 204, 1089-1100]. Here we report(More)
Active oxygen species or free radicals are considered to cause extensive oxidative damage to biological macromolecules, which brings about a variety of diseases as well as aging. The ideal scavenger for active oxygen should be 'active hydrogen'. 'Active hydrogen' can be produced in reduced water near the cathode during electrolysis of water. Reduced water(More)
A novel enzyme, trehalose synthase, was purified from a cell-free extract of Pimelobacter sp. R48 to an electrophoretically homogeneous state by successive chromatographies on DEAE-Toyopearl 650, Butyl-Toyopearl 650, and Mono Q HR5/5 columns. The molecular weight of the enzyme was estimated to be 62,000 by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and the(More)