Masayuki Kurose

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Dry eye syndrome is a painful condition caused by inadequate or altered tear film on the ocular surface. Primary afferent cool cells innervating the cornea regulate the ocular fluid status by increasing reflex tearing in response to evaporative cooling and hyperosmicity. It has been proposed that activation of corneal cool cells via a transient receptor(More)
The cornea is one of several orofacial structures requiring glandular secretion for proper lubrication. Glandular secretion is regulated through a neural reflex initiated by trigeminal primary afferent neurons innervating the corneal epithelium. Corneal sensory afferents must respond to irritating and potentially damaging stimuli, as well as drying that(More)
Corneal primary afferent neurons that respond to drying of the ocular surface have been previously characterized and found to respond to innocuous cooling, menthol, and hyperosmotic stimuli. The purpose of the present study was to examine the receptive field properties of second-order neurons in the trigeminal nucleus that respond to drying of the ocular(More)
PURPOSE Stimulation to the cornea via noxious chemical and mechanical means evokes tearing, blinking, and pain. In contrast, mild cooling of the ocular surface has been reported to increase lacrimation via activation of corneal cool primary afferent neurons. The purpose of our study was to determine whether menthol induces corneal cool cell activity and(More)
The effects of sound generated by an ultrasonic dental scaler and a dental turbine on heart rate, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, and hemodynamic changes in the frontal cortex were measured and compared with those of pure tone stimulation in 17 young volunteers. Near-infrared spectroscopy and the Finapres technique were used to measure hemodynamic(More)
The present study aimed to determine if sensory inputs from the intraoral mechanoreceptors similarly contributed to regulating the activity of the jaw-opening muscles throughout the masticatory sequence. We also aimed to determine if sensory inputs from the chewing and non-chewing sides equally regulated the activity of the jaw-opening muscles.(More)
To study peri-oral facial muscle activity patterns and coordination with jaw muscles during ingestive behavior, electromyographic (EMG) activities in the peri-oral facial (buccinator: BUC, orbicularis oris: ORB) and jaw (masseter, digastric) muscles along with jaw movement trajectories were recorded in awake rabbits. A standardized amount of apple in a(More)
The relationships between jaw-closing muscle spindle unit discharge and the hardness of foods were evaluated during chewing in awake rabbits. Spindle unit discharges recorded from the left mesencephalic trigeminal nucleus were correlated with the simultaneous recording of jaw movements and electromyographic (EMG) activities of the left masseter(More)
AIMS To examine the effects of local brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) produced after nerve injury on the functional regeneration of the damaged nerve. METHODS The inferior alveolar nerve was transected in adult male rats and 1 μg or 10 μg of BDNF antibody was administered at the injury site; a third group of rats received saline and a fourth group(More)
PURPOSE Dry eye disease (DED) produces ocular pain and irritation, yet a detailed characterization of ocular sensitivity in a preclinical model of DED is lacking. The aim of the present study was to assess nociceptive behaviors in an aqueous tear deficiency model of DED in the rat. METHODS Spontaneous blinking, corneal mechanical thresholds, and eye wipe(More)