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Endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation (ERAD) is a system by which proteins accumulated in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) are retrotranslocated to the cytosol and degraded by the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. HRD1 is expressed in brain neurons and acts as an ERAD ubiquitin ligase. Amyloid precursor protein (APP) is processed into amyloid-beta peptides(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the clinical, genetic, and neuroradiologic presentations of idiopathic basal ganglia calcification (IBGC) in a nationwide study in Japan. METHODS We documented clinical and neuroimaging data of a total of 69 subjects including 23 subjects from 10 families and 46 subjects in sporadic cases of IBGC in Japan. Mutational analysis of(More)
OBJECTIVE The prostacyclin analog, beraprost sodium (BPS), was examined for its potential to improve the symptoms of obesity-type diabetes (i.e., hyperglycemia, hyperinsulinemia, dyslipidemia, histopathologic changes, and diabetic complications). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Obese Zucker rats, an experimental model of genetic obesity-induced type 2(More)
It has been proposed that in autosomal recessive juvenile parkinsonism (AR-JP), a ubiquitin ligase (E3) Parkin, which is involved in endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation (ERAD), lacks E3 activity. The resulting accumulation of Parkin-associated endothelin receptor-like receptor (Pael-R), a substrate of Parkin, leads to endoplasmic reticulum stress,(More)
Hrd1p in yeast plays an important role in endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation (ERAD). In the present study, we used an in vivo model of hypoxia-ischemia in mice to study the expression of murine HRD1. Hypoxia-ischemia induced a significant increase in mRNA levels of genes including GRP78, CHOP and MyD116, the expression of which are specifically(More)
Type-III sodium-dependent phosphate transporters 1 and 2 (PiT-1 and PiT-2, respectively) are proteins encoded by SLC20A1 and SLC20A2, respectively. The ubiquitous distribution of PiT-1 and PiT-2 mRNAs in mammalian tissues is in agreement with the housekeeping maintenance of homeostasis of intracellular inorganic phosphate (Pi), which is absorbed from(More)
HRD1 is an E3 ubiquitin ligase and plays an important role in endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation (ERAD). Parkin-associated endothelin receptor-like receptor (Pael-R) is a substrate of the E3 ubiquitin ligase parkin, which has been implicated in ER stress-induced cell death in dopamine neurons in autosomal recessive juvenile parkinsonism (AR-JP).(More)
Neural stem/progenitor cells (NSCs) reside in the subventricular zone (SVZ) and subgranular zone of the hippocampal dentate gyrus in adult mammals. The ubiquitin ligase HRD1 is associated with degradation of amyloid precursor protein and believed to be specifically expressed in neurons and not in astrocytes. We investigated expression of HRD1 using(More)
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is defined as an accumulation of unfolded proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum. 4-phenylbutyrate (4-PBA) has been demonstrated to promote the normal trafficking of the DeltaF508 cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) mutant from the ER to the plasma membrane and to restore activity. We have reported(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVE Impulsive behavior has been suggested to occur due to a dysfunction of serotonergic 5-HT neurotransmission. After evaluation by a self-reporting measure, a polymorphism in the promoter of the 5-HT2A receptor gene has been proposed to underlie the impulsive behavior; however, this hypothesis is not convincing. In this study, we(More)