Masayuki Ikuzawa

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Through subtractive hybridization, H+/K+-ATPase beta subunit mRNA, highly expressed in the larval stomach of Xenopus laevis, was isolated. In situ hybridization demonstrated that the H+/K+-ATPase beta subunit mRNA was exclusively expressed in manicotto gland cells of the larval stomach, not in any other cell. Northern blot analysis showed that(More)
The random positioning machine (RPM) is a method used to generate a simulated-microgravity environment at approximately 0 g. Using an RPM, we analyzed the global gene expression of A8 cells derived from the liver of adult Xenopus laevis. A range of genes on a Xenopus 44K-scale microarray were up- or downregulated two-fold or more: 43 genes (up, 36 genes;(More)
Two pepsinogens (Pg C and Pg A) were isolated from the stomach of adult Xenopus laevis by Q-Sepharose, Sephadex G-75, and Mono-Q column chromatographies. Autolytic conversion and activation of the purified Pgs into the pepsins were examined by acid treatment. We determined the amino acid sequences from the NH2-termini of Pg C, pepsin C, Pg A, and pepsin A.(More)
Cathepsin E (CE) was purified from the foregut of Xenopus laevis tadpoles as a mature dimeric form. The purified enzyme was a typical CE among aspartic proteinases with respect to pH dependence of proteolytic activity, susceptibility to pepstatin, and having N-linked high-mannose type oligosaccharide chains. We isolated two cDNAs for the CE (CE1 and CE2)(More)
The full-length cDNAs of three pepsinogens (Pgs) were cloned from the stomach of newt, Cynops pyrrhogaster, and nucleotide sequences of the full-length cDNAs were determined. Molecular phylogenetic analysis showed that two Pgs, named PgC1 and PgC2, belong to the pepsinogen C group, and one Pg, named PgA, belongs to the pepsinogen A group. The sequences(More)
Anterior-posterior neural patterning is determined during gastrulation when head structure is induced. Induction of anterior neural structures requires inhibition of Wnt signaling by several Wnt antagonists. We performed microarray analysis to isolate genes regulated by canonical Wnt signaling and abundantly expressed in the anterior neuroectoderm at the(More)
In the intestine during amphibian metamorphosis, stem cells appear, actively proliferate, and differentiate into an adult epithelium analogous to the mammalian counterpart. To clarify the molecular mechanisms regulating this process, we focused on a bZip-containing transcription factor (TH/bZip). We previously isolated TH/bZip from the Xenopus intestine as(More)
CCAAT/enhancer binding protein delta (C/EBP delta) is one of the transcription factors that have a basic-leucine zipper domain. In mammals, it has been suggested that this transcription factor plays a role in differentiation of adipocytes or in apoptosis of mammary gland epithelial cells. The factor also plays a role in acute-phase response in injury,(More)
Anterior-posterior neural patterning of Xenopus embryo is determined during gastrulation and then followed by differentiation of neural structures including brain and eye. The cement gland is a mucus-secreting neural organ located in the anterior end of the neural plate. This study analyzed expression patterns of Xenopus galectin-VIa (Xgalectin-VIa) by(More)
The amphibian gastrointestinal tract is remodeled from a larval-type to an adult-type during metamorphosis. In the present study, we examined the products of subtractive hybridization between tadpole and frog stomach cDNAs of Xenopus laevis in order to identify genes expressed specifically in the larval stomach epithelium. A new gene homologous to xP1 was(More)