Fumiko Ohashi8
Eri Morioka7
8Fumiko Ohashi
7Eri Morioka
6Hirohiko Ukai
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Rhythmic expression of period (per) and timeless (tim) genes in central circadian pacemaker neurons and prothoracic gland cells, part of the peripheral circadian oscillators in flies, may synergistically control eclosion rhythms, but their oscillatory profiles remain unclear. Here we show differences and interactions between peripheral and central(More)
Intracellular free Ca(2+) regulates diverse cellular processes, including membrane potential, neurotransmitter release, and gene expression. To examine the cellular mechanisms underlying the generation of circadian rhythms, nucleus-targeted and untargeted cDNAs encoding a Ca(2+)-sensitive fluorescent protein (cameleon) were transfected into organotypic(More)
The VPP500 vector parallel processor is a highly parallel, distributed memory supercomputer that has a performance range of 6.4 to 355 gigaFLOPS and a main memory capacity from 1 to 222 gigabytes. The system scalably supports between 4 and 222 processors interconnected by a high-bandwidth crossbar network.Three key aspects of the VPP500, which are in sharp(More)
The hypothalamic suprachiasmatic nucleus, the primary circadian pacemaker in mammals, and the retinohypothalamic tract, the retinal afferent fibres to the suprachiasmatic nucleus, both mature during early postnatal life. The establishment of circadian rhythms is thought to depend on input from the retina, but the mechanism remains unknown. Here we examined(More)
First generation H₁ histamine receptor antagonists, such as d-chlorpheniramine (d-CPA) and diphenhydramine, produce drowsiness in humans. They are currently used as over-the-counter sleep aids. However, the mechanisms underlying drowsiness induced by these H₁ histamine receptor antagonists remain obscure because they produce heterogeneous(More)
Research laboratories in a university were investigated for air-borne levels of legally designated organic solvents and specified chemical substances. Repeated surveys in 2004-5 (four times in the two years) of about 720 laboratories (thus 2,874 laboratories in total) revealed that the solvent concentrations were in excess of the Administrative Control(More)
The hypothalamic suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) has a pivotal role in the mammalian circadian clock. SCN neurons generate circadian rhythms in action potential firing frequencies and neurotransmitter release, and the core oscillation is thought to be driven by "clock gene" transcription-translation feedback loops. Cytosolic Ca2+ mobilization followed by(More)
Glutamate transporters are coupled with cystine/glutamate antiporters to supply cystine as a component of glutathione, an important antioxidant. We sought evidence that L-trans-pyrrolidine-2,4-dicarboxylate (PDC) enhances glutamate-induced neuronal damage not only via the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor mediated pathway, but also through induction of(More)
The present study, consisted of two separate surveys, was initiated to clarify the development of clinical pictures of silicosis after termination of dust exposure. The first survey was a 40-year follow-up of radiographic pictures of the chest among 200 male whetstone cutters (Group I workers). The second survey was conducted in 75 male recipients (Group II(More)
The hypothalamic suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) develops as the circadian pacemaker during postnatal life. Although both GABAA and NMDA receptors are expressed in the majority of SCN neurons, postnatal development of their functions has not been analysed. Thus, we studied the receptor-mediated Ca2+ responses in mouse hypothalamic slices prepared on postnatal(More)