Masayuki Higuchi

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Since their discovery as cell-division factors in plant tissue culture about five decades ago, cytokinins have been hypothesized to play a central role in the regulation of cell division and differentiation in plants. To test this hypothesis in planta, we isolated Arabidopsis plants lacking one, two, or three of the genes encoding a subfamily of histidine(More)
The cell lineages that form the transporting tissues (xylem and phloem) and the intervening pluripotent procambial tissue originate from stem cells near the root tip. We demonstrate that in Arabidopsis, cytokinin phytohormones negatively regulate protoxylem specification. AHP6, an inhibitory pseudophosphotransfer protein, counteracts cytokinin signaling,(More)
The cytokinin class of plant hormones plays key roles in regulating diverse developmental and physiological processes. Arabidopsis perceives cytokinins with three related and partially redundant receptor histidine kinases (HKs): CRE1 (the same protein as WOL and AHK4), AHK2, and AHK3 (CRE-family receptors). It is suggested that binding of cytokinins induces(More)
Alkamides and N-acilethanolamides are a class of lipid compounds related to animal endocannabinoids of wide distribution in plants. We investigated the structural features required for alkamides to regulate plant development by comparing the root responses of Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) seedlings to a range of natural and synthetic compounds. The(More)
Even though in recent years research and development of humanoid robots has increased, the major topics of research generally focus on how to make a robot perform specific motions such as walking. However, walking is only one of the complicated motions humans can perform. For robots to play an active role in society as our partner, they must be able to(More)
Cell-to-cell communication is a fundamental mechanism for coordinating developmental and physiological events in multicellular organisms. Heterotrimeric G proteins are key molecules that transmit extracellular signals; similarly, CLAVATA signaling is a crucial regulator in plant development. Here, we show that Arabidopsis thaliana Gβ mutants exhibit an(More)
The cytokinin class of plant hormones is perceived by transmembrane His-kinases (His-kinases) of the two-component system, otherwise known as the His-Asp phosphorelay system. When cytokinin receptors perceive cytokinins, they are autophosphorylated at a conserved His residue. The phosphoryl group is then transferred to downstream components of the His-Asp(More)
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