Masayuki Hashimoto

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The minimization of a genome is necessary to identify experimentally the minimal gene set that contains only those genes that are essential and sufficient to sustain a functioning cell. Recent developments in genetic techniques have made it possible to generate bacteria with a markedly reduced genome. We developed a simple system for formation of markerless(More)
The minimal set of genetic information necessary and sufficient to sustain a functioning cell contains not only trans-acting genes, but also cis-acting chromosomal regions that cannot be complemented by plasmids carrying these regions. In Escherichia coli (E. coli), only one chromosomal region, the origin of replication has been identified to be cis-acting.(More)
Semaphorin 3A (Sema3A) is a secreted repulsive axon guidance protein. It appears to play important roles in axon fasciculation, branching, neuronal migration, and tissue differentiation during embryonic development. In adults, Sema3A is expressed in spinal motoneurons and in some neurons in the brain. Here, we demonstrate changes in Sema3A expression in the(More)
Osteopontin (OPN) is expressed in many tissues during inflammatory responses. After spinal cord injury, microglia expresses OPN at the site of injury during the early to subacute stages. However, the function of OPN in spinal cord injury is not well understood. This study examines the responses of OPN knock-out (KO) and wild-type (WT) mice to spinal cord(More)
We evaluated the effect of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) on cell death after spinal cord injury. A rat spinal cord injury model was produced by static load, and continuous intrathecal BDNF or vehicle infusion was carried out either immediately or 3 days after the injury. Cell death was examined by nuclear staining and terminal deoxynucleotidyl(More)
BACKGROUND Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) is a protein that stimulates differentiation, proliferation, and survival of cells in the granulocytic lineage. Recently, a neuroprotective effect of G-CSF was reported in a model of cerebral infarction and we previously reported the same effect in studies of murine spinal cord injury (SCI). The aim(More)
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a multipotential protein that acts as a proinflammatory cytokine, a pituitary hormone, and a cell proliferation and migration factor. The objective of this study was to elucidate the role of MIF in spinal cord injury (SCI) using female MIF knockout (KO) mice. Mouse spinal cord compression injury was produced(More)
T(h) cells have long been divided into two subsets, T(h)1 and T(h)2; however, recently, T(h)17 and inducible regulatory T (iTreg) cells were identified as new T(h) cell subsets. Although T(h)1- and T(h)2-polarizing cytokines have been shown to suppress T(h)17 and iTreg development, transcriptional regulation of T(h)17 and iTreg differentiation by cytokines(More)
Osteopontin (OPN) is a secretory adhesive glycoprotein that is expressed in various tissues and plays a role in inflammation and tissue repair. It has been suggested that OPN plays a role in inflammation and wound healing after spinal cord injury; however, the expression of OPN and its function in the spinal cord under normal conditions and following spinal(More)