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OBJECT Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) has neuroprotective effects on the CNS. The authors have previously demonstrated that G-CSF also exerts neuroprotective effects in experimental spinal cord injury (SCI) by enhancing migration of bone marrow-derived cells into the damaged spinal cord, increasing glial differentiation of bone marrow-derived(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether transplantation of human bone marrow stromal cell-derived Schwann cells (hBMSC-SC) promotes functional recovery after contusive spinal cord injury of adult rats. Human bone marrow stromal cells (hBMSC) were cultured from bone marrow of adult human patients and induced into Schwann cells (hBMSC-SC) in vitro.(More)
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a multipotential protein that acts as a proinflammatory cytokine, a pituitary hormone, and a cell proliferation and migration factor. The objective of this study was to elucidate the role of MIF in spinal cord injury (SCI) using female MIF knockout (KO) mice. Mouse spinal cord compression injury was produced(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether transplantation of Schwann cells derived from bone marrow stromal cells (BMSC-SCs) promotes axonal regeneration and functional recovery in completely transected spinal cord in adult rats. Bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) were induced to differentiate into Schwann cells in vitro. A 4-mm segment of rat spinal(More)
Recovery in central nervous system disorders is hindered by the limited ability of the vertebrate central nervous system to regenerate lost cells, replace damaged myelin, and re-establish functional neural connections. Cell transplantation to repair central nervous system disorders is an active area of research, with the goal of reducing functional(More)
Neurotrophins have been shown to promote axonal regeneration, but the techniques available for delivering neurotrophins have limited effectiveness. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of adenovirus vector mediated gene transfer of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) on axonal regeneration after spinal cord injury. We prepared adenovirus(More)
Osteopontin (OPN) is expressed in many tissues during inflammatory responses. After spinal cord injury, microglia expresses OPN at the site of injury during the early to subacute stages. However, the function of OPN in spinal cord injury is not well understood. This study examines the responses of OPN knock-out (KO) and wild-type (WT) mice to spinal cord(More)
The minimization of a genome is necessary to identify experimentally the minimal gene set that contains only those genes that are essential and sufficient to sustain a functioning cell. Recent developments in genetic techniques have made it possible to generate bacteria with a markedly reduced genome. We developed a simple system for formation of markerless(More)